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There is no doubt that the world and the environment which we live in today has been dramatically altered. Rolling plains and lively wetlands that once covered the earth are now replaced with bustling, populated cities. With the rise of industrialization, urbanization, and population, it has become clear that our limited energy supply won’t be able to support us for much longer. Regardless, there is no need to revert to the standards of living before the Industrialization Revolution. There simply needs to be greater efficiency and sustainability with energy supplies in the future. Applying sustainable energy sources and materials to green buildings attacks the problem at its roots; it provides a foundation for a cleaner future that is reliant not on coal and fossil fuels, but on renewable energy sources. The future undoubtedly features further urbanization and growth, but that does not necessarily have to put a strain on the environment. Ideally, they can coexist with minimal damage.
The main strategy to maintaining sustainability in green buildings is to reduce energy demands while increasing energy efficiency. Energy efficiency is greatly affected by building materials. Building materials determine thermal performance, which is a primary factor in energy efficiency. Thermal insulation materials are helpful when it pertains to energy performance. In today’s market, insulation materials range from inorganic fibrous materials such as glass wool to organic foamy materials such as polystyrene (GhaffarianHoseini et al. 5). However, biomaterials are quickly rising in popularity. Biomaterials tend to have less environmental impact than resources previously mentioned and multiple purposes. A notable example would be kenaf, which is use...

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