Kazakhstan: Macroeconomic Overview Kazakhstan is classified as a continuous transcontinental country located in Central Asia. The country recently gained independence from USSR in 1991 and has a population of 17 million; mostly ethnic Kazakhs and Russians. Politically, the country is a unitary republic and the first (and only) President is Nursultan Nazarbaev - who rules the country in a less than democratic fashion. With an area of 1 million square miles, it is 9th largest country in the world,
legislation, fiscal terms, rules, guidel... ... middle of paper ... ...and enact new law to remove the stabilisation provision in the earlier contract. Algeria in 2005 reverses the liberalisation law and introduced windfall tax and enhances state participation. Venezuela saw state participation and control of commercialisation as new legislation was formulated and changes to existing contracts together with modification to the fiscal regime. Some of the IOCs agreed to the new contracts while others
are no connections or agreements to control trade methods. This has set Ukraine in an even more difficult position. Ukraine currently has internal difficulty with economic, political and humanitarian relations. After the collapse of the post-Soviet states it created two centres of influence with different integration processes and projects on the European continent. The first one Western or European Union and the second one Eastern or the Eurasian Union. For Ukraine it is very difficult to be in the
Switzerland is a small country in Europe of only 30,753 square miles (Presence Switzerland, n.d.) and is divided into 26 cantons, the equivalent of states in the United States. In 2011, the total population in Switzerland was 7,954,662. Of that number, 6,138,668 (77.2%) were Swiss citizens and 1,815,994 (22.8%) were foreign residents. Population density is high due to the relatively small size of the country and the high population. The Swiss have been experiencing low birth rates for years.