Karl Marx : The Classical Sociological Theorist

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During our studies on the classical sociological theorist there has been a heavy focus on three key figures inspired the enlightenment period. Karl Marx was one of the first enlighten thinkers of his time, he saw the usefulness of observing the world with empirical data to obtain information about the world. He view the mode of production and the source of materialism the source for all things. He viewed the interaction between people and the material they worked with influence each other. He also believed that capitalism created a sort of alienation between all things in the world: Alienation from work, from people and from the world itself. He also focused on the bourgeoisies and their interaction with the proletariat class. Following Marx we have Emile Durkheim in the same category. Unlike Marx, Durkheim focused on his Social facts. He stressed the importance of social facts and the contrast they had on the people. Durkheim focused less on the wealth of a society and more on the division of labor amongst the people. He eventually created a list of laws such as laws of solidarity that which included “mechanical and organic groups” (Craig Calhoun 2012) and the low or repressive and restitute. Continuing along, there is a shift from empirical data to the interpretation of the human mind on the social factors that the general populace is exposed to. Weber believed in a social science that could not change what nature had presented us but that we have to understand and interpret social actions with the ideals of a modeled society. These three have significantly altered the ideas that which interpret social action and, in essence, potential natures within their own rights, creating rippling effects that which is sustained throughout... ... middle of paper ... ...saw that the competitiveness allowed more chances for one’s self express their individuality and creativeness. (SOCIOLOGICAL THEORY IN THE CLASSICAL ERA n.d., 162) In essence, all three social thinkers have revolutionized the process and outlook on the social standings of society as well as the parts and pieces that make up how a society works and approaches everyday life and living. These three, Karl Marx, Emile Durkheim and Max Weber, have collectively given individual insight into how they believed society worked, giving a broader look into analyzing the general populace while given multiple viewpoints that furthers the complexity and assorted basis of developing social changes that further the continual shifting of society, while inheriting certain truths and facts that continue to stay relevant within today’s time period and expected future generations to come.

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