Karl Marx And Engels View The Criticisms Of The French Revolution

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Andrea Draper Political Science 302 Professor Farid Abdel-Nour April 9, 2015 Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels see the French revolution as a great achievement in human history. However they also discuss serious criticisms of it. Marx and Engels discussed the struggle between two distinct social groups during the French Revolution which are the city poor and the privileged classes and what happens when power fell into the hands of the revolutionary “petty bourgeoisie” and the paris workers creating a class struggle and it impact on political issues . This essay will explain how Marx and Engels view the French revolution and their analysis of the revolution’s achievements and shortcomings.This essay will also apply their analysis of the French…show more content…
The Revolution ultimately occurred because of a growing conflict between the old system ( feudalism ) where land ownership was the basis of privileged position within society. The old system was becoming obsolete because of increase in power of the bourgeoisie ( capitalism). Class Conflict is the engine that drove the French Revolution since the modern bourgeois society that has arose from the ruins of feudal society has not done away with class competition The Revolution only established new classes, new conditions of oppression, new forms of struggle in place of the old ones. The feudal system of industry, in which industrial production was monopolize no longer was sufficed for the growing demands of the new system. The manufacturing system took its place. Capitalism (where the wealth was in the possession of a few people who used their wealth to buy labor and create even more wealth for themselves), would become increasingly reliant on the workers. The significance of the Revolution according to Marx and Engels is in society, relations and forces get along, but when the forces (technology) improve, people try to exploit it, and the old modes of production become a hinderance. Tension builds over this, revolution occurs, break happens, and a new economy is…show more content…
Establishment of industrial armies, especially for agriculture, combination of agriculture with manufacturing industries; gradual abolition of the distinction between town and country by a more equable distribution of the population over the country. and free education for all children in public schools. Abolition of children’s factory labour inits present form. combination of education with industrial production(490)”. The only achievement that the French Revolution had was to change from the feudalism system to a system of capitalism which created more problems because it caused the issues between the bourgeoisie which is the class of modern capitalists, owners of the means of social production and employers of wage labour

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