Kansas-Nebraska Act

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Kansas-Nebraska Act The Kansas-Nebraska act (1854) was a U.S. law that authorized the creation of Kansas and Nebraska, west of the states of Missouri and Iowa and divided by the 40th parallel. It repealed a provision of the Missouri compromise of 1820 that prohibited slavery in the territories north of 36 degrees and 30' and stipulated that the inhabitant of the territories should decide for themselves the legality of slave holding. Democratic senator of Illinois Stephen A. Douglas pushed the Kansas-Nebraska bill. In Garranty's The American Nation shows evidence that Douglas had a great political interest in the passing of this bill because he also served as the director of Illinois central line. Therefore, it would have been in his best interest for the transcontinental railroad to pass through the northern states or to be exact through Chicago. The facts show that Douglas, "To win over the southerners Douglas agreed to divide the region into two territories, Kansas and Nebraska, and then fateful concession to repeal the part of the Missouri compromise that excluded slavery from land north of 36 degrees 30'."(Garraty pg.402) This move could be of great help to him, because if he should seek election for president in the future he would have the support of the south. Muzzey author of The American Adventure also shows evidence that the Kansas-Nebraska bill was " a bid for southern support in the next democratic convention." (Muzzey pg.485) In 1852 Douglas sought for presidential nomination but had only the support of the north, and it was necessary in those days for candidate to win southern support in order to gain the presidency or nomination [nomination for the presidency]."(Elson pg. 5... ... middle of paper ... ...asure practically ended support for that party in the South. The northern Whigs joined antislavery Democrats and know-nothings to form the Republican Party in July 1854. A conflict soon developed in Kansas between pro-slavery settlers from Missouri and antislavery newcomers who began to move into the territory from the northeastern states. Fighting between the two groups continued for several years, aggravating the sectional controversy played a major role in the outbreak of the Civil War in 1861. Bibliography: Elson, Henry W., History of the United States (1904) p. 573 Basset, John S., Short History of the United States (1913) p. 487 Muzzey, David S., The American Adventure (2 vols.: 1927) p. 485 Morrison, Samuel E., et al, The growth of the American republic (2 vol.: 1969) p. 586 Garraty, John A. The American Nation (1991) p. 402
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