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They test hypothesis from learning and interactional theories where peer associations creates delinqu... ... middle of paper ... ...erican Journal of Sociology, 106(4), 1013-1057. Herrenkohl, T. I., Farrington, D. P., Brewer, D., Catalano, R. F., Harachi, T. W., & Cothern, L. (2000). Predictors of youth violence (pp. 1-10). Washington, DC: US Department of Justice, Office of Justice Programs, Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention.
The Juvenile System has been around for a long time. The primary reason behind separating Juvenile from adult criminals is quite simple; the judicial system believes that the children are less culpable for their irresponsive behavior and they could easily be reformed as compared to adult offenders. The crucial role of the judicial system is to critically investigate, diagnose, and recommend treatments for the Juveniles rather than accrediting them. However, because of the increasing number of juvenile arrest for crimes committed by persons considered as a child, the attention that the given to a crime involving juveniles, the decreasing trust to the juvenile system itself and the lauder roar of the society for a safer place to live in, the juvenile justice system began to change. A transition from the classic objective of reform brought by juvenile justice system to a more tough policy that focus more on public safety and on idea of punishment to juvenile offenders came to effect.
A., Rosenblatt, A., & Biggs, E. E. (2000). Criminal behavior and emotional disorder: Comparing youth served by the mental health and juvenile systems. The Journal of Behavioral Health Services and Research, 27, 227-237. Sampson, R. J., & Laub, J. H. (1997). A life-course theory of cumulative disadvantage and the stability of delinquency.
Katner D.(2006) “The Mental Health Paradigm and the Macarthur Study: Emerging Issues Challenging the Competence of Juveniles in Delinquency Systems,” Journal of Law and Medicine. Reckless C. (1972) “The Prevention of Juvenile Delinquency: An Experiment, ” Ohio State University Press Bradshaw A. (1995) “The Juvenile Justice System: Is It Working?, ” FBI Law Enforcement Bulletin Smith G. (2009) “Criminology, ” Encyclopedia article; The Columbia Encyclopedia Watson S. (2009) “Juvenile Crime Soaring, ”Newspaper article
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It is my opinion that the laws pertaining to juvenile sex offenders need to be adjusted. School officials should be made aware of the presence of convicted sex offenders within their own schools so that they can be more alert and active in counseling and monitoring of such students and their behaviors. I believe that there are not enough laws enforcing the schools to take an active roll in informing, while protecting the perpetrators rights to privacy and protecting the rest of the student body. I also believe that there are more offenders in public schools than most people would think. I believe all of this to be true, based on the simple fact that this is a subject that hits very close to home, and is very personal to me.
Time to Reverse the School-to-Prison Pipeline. (Cover story). Policy & Practice (19426828), 66(1), 22-27. Mulder, E., Brand, E., Bullens, R., & Van Marle, H. (2010). A classification of risk factors in serious juvenile offenders and the relation between patterns of risk factors and recidivism.
OJJDP: Juvenile offenders and victims, 1999 National Report. (n.d), National Report. Retrieved November 19, 2013, from http://www.ncjrs.gov/html/ojjdp/nationalreport99 Onwediwe, I. (2004). “Theoretical Perspectives on Juvenile Delinquency: Root Causes and Control.” ProQuest Criminal Justice, 66, 153-156.
If these teenagers are committing... ... middle of paper ... ...re as runaways or thieves. These crimes are not anywhere near as violent and harmful to society. It may actually damage the mild criminals to have contact with youths who have committed violent crimes. In conclusion, public opinion on the issue is reasonably conclusive. A majority percent of the population believes that imprisonment is the way to prevent future crimes in both adults and juveniles.