Juvenile Justice Systems

848 Words4 Pages
Introduction Juvenile crime is a term around the world that is difficult to pinpoint and although there are several definitions many fail to be concrete. There are many factors that play into sentencing juveniles or minors upon a crime committed. How old are they? Can they mentally form criminal intent? Are they old enough to no longer be treated as children? Some people would argue that a criminal is just that, regardless of age. Research on the other hand shows that juveniles have underdeveloped brains who at times have difficulty rationalizing decisions and weighing out consequences. It is important that these issues are addressed because of the implications this has on not only the juveniles but the community around them. These juveniles have the opportunity to be molded into functioning members of society, yet lack the necessary resources to do so. This occurs due to the negative connotation that comes with juvenile delinquents and their behaviors. Every country has their own ways of dealing with crime, and in particular juvenile delinquency, in this piece there will be an in depth analysis of the United States juvenile justice system and England’s juvenile justice system. Although there are many similarities between both developed countries England’s approach to juvenile justice is more effective long term by its implementation of rehabilitative and restorative programs. In return tackling the problem of high recidivism rates and reintegration into society. Mental Health Issues in Juveniles Young people are unintentionally vulnerable when it comes to mental health development causing them to at times make unreasonable decisions. This is why we have laws and restrictions that keep adolescents from voting, entering legal ... ... middle of paper ... ...venile justice . Journal of Research in Crime and Delinquency, 1-27. McAlinden , A. (2011). Transforming justice: Challenges for restorative justice in an era of punishment-based corrections. Contemporary Justice Review, 14(4), 383-406. Paylor , I. (2011). Youth justice in england and wales: A risky business. Journal of Offender Rehabilitation, 50, 221-233. Ryan, T., & Mitchell, P. (2011). A collaborative approach to meeting the needs of adolescent offenders with complex needs in custodial settings: An 18-month cohort sutdy . The journal of Forensic Psychiatry & Psychology , 22(3), 437-454. Mendel, R. (2012). Juvenile justice reform in conneticut. Washington, DC: Justice Policy Institute. Williams, M. (2013). Act 4 juvenile justice: Jjdpa reauthorization. Retrieved from Williams, M. Act 4 juvenile justice : Jjdpa reauthorization Retrieved from http://www.act4jj.org/

More about Juvenile Justice Systems

Open Document