Juvenile Development Theories

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Adolescence the most important life course in the adolescent’s human development, during this stage many juveniles experience different emotions, transitions and cognitive dissonance. Juveniles experience many changes thought this age especially many physical changes in which their might experience confusions. One important theory concern is Erik Erikson theory of human psychosocial development. This theory states that human development must meet eight stages in order to transition into the next stage. According to Cvanaugh, and Kail (2014) argued that “adolescents face a crisis between identity and role confusion.” (p.240). In addition, adolescent’s experience many biological, physiological and cognitive changes that affect thee adolescent’s…show more content…
Juveniles are usually concerned with the psychical appearance because since they experience this abruptic changes in a short period of time. One example is facial acne in juveniles. Physical changes create dissatisfaction in adolescents and because this might have an effect in their behavior. Moodiness is one example of this transition,, this is clearly influenced by the increase of hormones. The authors states that “Adolescents are often thought to be extraordinarily moody, moving from joy to sadness to irritation to anger over the course of a morning or afternoon (Cvanaugh & Kail, 2014, p.221). The physical changes will have consequences into the adolescents’ emotional state. Juveniles usually have lack of self-esteem because they don’t how they look like especially when they compare their body with other people. In addition, the affective states might be connected into the adolescent’s behavior. Many teenagers might be rebellious to their parents because they want to seek independence or feel that their actions correct. The Teenagers’ rebellious actions are directed into egocentric emotional and behavioral state. This might have an impact to the juvenile’s cognitive process and reasoning when trying to make a…show more content…
Therapist recommend parents to look for educational contexts who can help them understand the juvenile’s behavior. Another important solution is trying to establish communication with them, and try to maintain patience while speaking. According to the author parents must “Attempt to process your emotions with another adult if you need to, and present yourself as calm, cool, and collected when approaching your teen” (Hansen, 2015, p.1). Moreover, parent should take into account that teenagers are trying to form their own identity while facing the role of confusion stage. The theorist Jeanette Piaget argues that adolescents explore for stages while looking to identity: diffusion, foreclosure moratorium, and achievement. Parents can use the four stages to understand the adolescent’s behavior when trying to solve a conflict. The last important factor the help adolescent during this transition is guidance. This factor will help juveniles to feel that they are being supported by their parents by establishing communication, emotional attachment and by establishing rules. This stage would clearly help parent to educate juveniles to balance the consequences of their behavior and by demonstrating to them that they care about them by remaining
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