Juvenile Crime

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Juvenile Crime Introduction Every year, millions of juveniles are involved in criminal activities. According to statistics, as of 1999, the arrest rate for juvenile crime has dropped from its peak in the mid-1990’s. Statistics about juvenile crime have shown a steady increase of juvenile arrests from 1987 to 1994. Although overall crime rates have decreased since 1994, they are still above what they were in 1980. The following paragraphs and charts show the crime rates of specific crimes committed by juveniles. Statistics on Juvenile Crime Rates In the year of 1999, law enforcement agencies made an estimated 2.5 million convictions of persons under the age of 18. There were 28,000 arrests for robbery, committed by juveniles, reported by law enforcement agencies throughout the country. Juvenile arrests for violent crimes dropped 23 percent from 1995 to 1999. In 1999, 27% of all juvenile arrests involved a female. The crime rate for females grew 88 percent from 1981 through 1999. In 1999, 77% of all juvenile cases involved a male, down from 81 percent in 1988, and 33 percent of the cases were involving a female, an increase of 88 percent from what is was in 1988. In all categories of juvenile crimes, the number of females committing crimes is growing while the number of males who are committing crimes are decreasing, by about 1 or 2 percent every year. (Based on data from the NCJRS organization available online at ncjrs.org). In 1999, youth under the age of 15 accounted for 67 percent of all juvenile arrests for arson. In 1999, 1/4th of all people arrested for robbery were under 18. Of all violent crimes committed by juveniles under the age of 18, the following rates apply; forcible rape, 17 percent; aggravated assault, 14 percent; and murder, 9 percent. In 1999, the juvenile male arrest rate for all violent crimes was 4.5 times more than the crime rate for females. Even though the crime rate has fallen from it peak in 1995, it is still significantly higher than its low in 1983. Between 1980 to present, the juvenile crime rate has increased by over 62 percent for violent crimes. (violent crimes include the following: murder, manslaughter, rape, and robbery). Since 1995 the overall crime rate for people under 17 has dropped by 39 percent. In ... ... middle of paper ... ... Burford Sam Corser Kyle Fletcher Social 9 Miss LaTourell 4th Block January 10, 2001 Bibliography Internet Sources OJJDP Statistical Briefing Book. Online. Available: Bureau of Justice Statistics. 1973–1997 National Crime Victimization Survey data [Web site data files]. Available Online at http://www.ojjdp.ncjrs.org/ojstatbb/qa125.html. 30 September 1999. Washington, DC: BJS, 1998. Federal Bureau of Investigation. National Incident-Based Reporting System master files for the years 1991–1996 [machine-readable data files]. Washington, DC: FBI. Book Sources Donaldson, Greg. The Ville: Cops and Kids in Urban America. Ticknor and Fields, 1993. Hyde, Margaret O. Kids in and Out of Trouble. Cobblehill, 1995 Snyder, H. & Sickmund, M. Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention, page 66. Washington D.C. 1999. Wormser, Richard. Juveniles in Trouble. Messner Press, 1994

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