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Juvenile Courts

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Serious crimes such as murder, burglary and rape have raised questions as to whether the young offenders should face severe punitive treatment or the normal punitive measures in juvenile courts. Many would prefer the juveniles given harsh punishment in order to discourage other young people from engaging in similar activities and to serve as a lesson to these particular offenders. However, results from previous studies indicate such punitive measures were neither successful nor morally acceptable. Instead, the solutions achieved have unfairly treated the youths and compromised the society status (Kristin, page 1). Several studies conducted to determine impacts of transfers of cases from juvenile courts to adult criminal courts for trial and potential sentencing indicate higher recidivism rates among the offenders. This is because of the notion the youth possess on the strictness on the adult courts. They believe trials on these courts end up in harsh punishment for offenders. In a way, adult punishments scare youth away from committing major crimes. However, studies show that short term punishments imposed on young offenders in adult courts propagates the offenders to commit even more crimes that are serious after their sentence terminates. This results from interactions with other crimes bearer behind bars who are convicted for far much worse crimes than they are. In addition the young offenders continued to commit crimes at a higher rate and more often than earlier on (Shari, page 1). Another study seeking to establish effective deterrence to delinquency found out that most states transfer youths aged fourteen years and above, who have committed serious violent offenses to adult court systems. Many of the states apply the th... ... middle of paper ... ...ing with young minds and punishing them in juvenile courts may be of advantage to the young people and at the same time reduce propagating them into developing a violent future in criminal activities. Correctional facilities that address and cater for the juveniles are the way forward to streamlining the youths (Kristin, page4). Works Cited Jeff Slowikowski. An Effective Deterrent to Delinquency: Juvenile Transfer Laws. Juvenile Justice Bulletin. 2000. Kristin Rhodes: The Criminal Prosecution of Juveniles: A Philosophical Reappraisal of Adolescent Agency. Lethbridge Undergraduate Research Journal. Volume 3 Number 2. 2008. Lonn Lanza-Kaduce and Donna M. Bishop. Juvenile Transfer to Criminal Court Study. A Report to Florida Department of Juvenile Justice. 2002. Shari Miller-Johnson, Joel Rosch. Research on Future Offending: Juvenile or Adult Court. 2010.
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