CHAPTER 1 Introduction According to Schaffer R, “International humanitarian law refers to those rules for how nations treat combatants, non-combatants, refugees, and other civilians during war or civil conflict”. The aftermath of World War II on the non-combatant civilians and civilian properties led to the need for a worldwide parameter to protect non-combatants civilians and civilian property from the effects of armed conflict. Humanitarian law principles has been in existence throughout several
Just War Theory. As Crawford noted on “Just War Theory and the US Counterterror War,” no matter how bad war might be, it is necessary for there to be rules that can help prevent more harm. Thankfully, the proposed plan to go to war against ISIS can be justified on these moral grounds. Just War Theory has three components jus ad bellum, jus in bello, and jus post bellum. Each of the components can explain what makes a war just and moral. Jus ad bellum or just initiation of war is achieved
Mohammed Siad Barre was overthrown by a coalition of opposing clans. Although there were several opposing groups, the prominent one was led by Mohammed Farah Aidid. Following the overthrow of Barre, a massive power struggle ensued. These small scale civil wars led to the destruction of the agriculture in Somalia, which in turn led to the deprivation of food in large parts of the country. When the international community heard of this, large quantities of food were sent to ease Somali suffering. However
history is more misunderstood than the Vietnam War.” (Richard M. Nixon, 1985) Despite almost half a century of retrospect, numerous studies, and the declassification of military documents, former President Nixon’s assertion still holds truth. Of all the wars that the United States has fought in, the Vietnam War has compelled the most Americans to question what we were fighting for and why. Was the Vietnam War a just war? The Just War Theory The Just War Theory has been shaped over the centuries
Just War War is a brutal act, often declared by people or countries that are power thirsty or looking to gain more land. Wars result in economically unstable countries, production of wastelands, and deaths of innocent people. With all of these consequences in mind, is there such a thing as a just war? Yes, there are just wars. Even if the outcome may leave countries economically unstable, produce wastelands and kill innocent people that does not mean all wars are fought over meaningless causes.
Essay 1 Jus ad Bellum, Jus in Bello, and Jus Post Bellum are the three stages of Just War Theory. Jus ad Bellum pertains to the ethics of starting a just war, with the principles being having just cause, being a last resort, being declared by a proper authority, possessing right intention, having a reasonable chance of success, and the end being proportional to the means used. Jus in Bello covers the conduct of individuals at war, with discrimination and proportionality being the guidelines.
President Roosevelt then asked congress for a formal declaration of war against the Japanese Empire for their “unprovoked and dastardly attack”. This declaration would also be the last formal declaration of war by congress. President Roosevelt gave a compelling speech that day, and was able to understand the hurt and betrayal the American people and congress felt. It took only an hour for the congress to convene with a ruling and declared war on the Empire of Japan. However compelling the President’s
Reformed US Drone Policy The implementation of Obama’s Drone policy has sullied the reputation of the United States. The Obama administration created a War policy that is dependent upon power in some instances and peace in others. The Obama Drone policy allocates for killings without concrete evidence, violation of human rights, and a disregard for International Law. These weaknesses will demolish our nation unless we, as a nation that is built on freedom and equality for all, our practice what we
The Libyan Revolution of 2011 initiated with nonviolent political protests modeled after the events in Tunisia and Egypt, and quickly escalated to a full fledge civil war. Muammar Muhammad Abu Minyar Gaddafi obtained the role of the official ruler of Libya in 1969 by a bloodless coup d’etat against King Idris. Gaddafi remained the official ruler of Libya from 1969 until 1977. (Calvocoressi, 2001) Subsequent to 1977, he referred to himself as a symbolic figurehead until the revolt in 2011, which contributed
The Libyan revolution of 2011 initiated with collective nonviolent political protests comparable to the events in Tunisia and Egypt. However, it quickly escalated to a full-fledged civil war. Muammar Muhammad Abu Minyar Gaddafi obtained the role of the official ruler of Libya in 1969 by a bloodless coup d’etat against King Idris. Gaddafi remained the official ruler of Libya from 1969 until 1977. (Calvocoressi, 2001) Subsequent to 1977, Gaddafi was referred to as a symbolic figurehead until the