Julius Caesar was the most powerful leader that ever lived, and through his military victories led Rome on the road to success. Caesar developed the “First Triumvirate,” which Caesar, Pompey, and Crassus was the “rule of three” (Nardo 18). Caesar was a genius that out maneuvered his opponents in battle, and brought Rome expansion of land and power. Caesar’s dictatorship was short lived, but he made many important changes to Rome in the positive direction. Caesar’s own senators were jealous of his popularity and power.
Julius Caesar was a military commander that emerged from the chaos of civil war to take charge of the republic. He later became known as the dictator of Rome, the absolute ruler of Rome. He made many reforms and created a new program to employ the jobless and gave public land to the poor. Julius Caesar was a powerful man and becoming too powerful was what led him to corruption. The Senate was afraid and jealous of his power and they were worried he might plan to make himself king of Rome.
After Gaius was murdered by Optimus’s army and had his “head was cut off” (Plutarch), his reform still stood in place after his death (Lenski). The senate thought that it was necessary to execute a man with that much power, but the reality of the situation was, that they only wanted to preserve their own political and social orders. The senators felt that their power was being taken away from them. After such poignant and chaotic period of time, the Gracchi reform that involved the control of courts, the land and grain distribution and the extensions of citizenship remained conspicuous among the passionate people of Rome and tribunes of Rome that were greatly influenced by both brothers that cherished Italy with all ones heart.
Caesar did not respect the Senate, his people’s elected representatives. He undermined the Senate’s power over him, one of his greatest blows in destroying the Roman Republic. The destruction of the Roman Republic can be accredited to Julius Caesar because his egotism resulted in the government only supporting him, he was willing to gain power at any cost which put many people at risk, and had no respect for the Roman Senate’s power over him. Caesar however, was killed by a group of conspiring senators before he could destroy the Roman Republic even more than he already had. It is a matter of great curiosity then, how much more glorious the Roman Republic could have been if Julius Caesar had not destroyed it.
Augustus promises his sister Octavia to Caesar to strengthen the pact. This already demonstrates how good a leader Augustus was, the citizens of Rome favoured him, the senate began to fear him and he had avoided complete civil war. The next step for Augustus was to eliminate the men who had conspired to kill Caesar. Antony and Augustus joined their legions together and swiftly killed Brutus and Cassius. Now unlike Caesar before him Augustus recognised that he had a number of enemies in the senate, Augustus proscribed members of the senate, and purged all his enemies from the senate.
Including winning a brutal civil war between him and his once ally, Pompey. As a result, he was thrust into the position of king in Rome in all but title as Rome was still a Republic and only had temporary dictators in time of crisis (Ushistory.org). The senators and other politicians feared for their political careers and the livelihood of the Republic because Caesar was adored by the Roman public so much that they would have made him king. Additionally, the Senators had allied themselves with Pompey to ward off Julius in the civil war. However, they didn’t surrender to
On the other hand, Caesar’s hamartia fostered many enemies for him politically, who ultimately conspired against him, thus causing his death. Hamartia was the driving force behind Caesar’s rise in politics, his first consulship, and the formation of the first triumvirate early in his career. However, he demonstrated many admirable qualities in battle as was evident in his first campaign under Minucius Thermus when he was rewarded the “civic-crown” for saving the life of a fellow-soldier (Encyclopedia Britannica 938). Upon returning to Rome after Sulla’s death, Caesar worked towards gaining the respect of the people in Rome and proving his right to be their leader by exposing both the corruption of two senatorial governors and the senatorial tri... ... middle of paper ... ...ts. He also revised the Roman calendar and formed the 365 day calendar.
Brutus loved Rome and all of the Roman people. Brutus was actually the true leader of the conspirators because he made the important decisions. Brutus had a different motivation for killing Caesar. The conspirators killed Julius Caesar because they were worried that if Caesar had succeeded in becoming king all the conspirators would lose their power. Brutus's motive for killing Julius Caesar was his fear of Caesar destroying the city of Rome.
Caesar was the absolute power but because Rome had experienced a cruel tyrant Tarquin who enslaved the Romans, everyone was scared of this happening again. The role of the common people was important as if they offered light relief for the audience but more importantly provided the key for avenging Caesars death. Brutus and Mark Antony knew that the crowd could be manipulated and exploited this using various but subtle techniques which influenced the crowd. When the conspirators killed Caesar Brutus and Mark Antony made speeches about Caesar and the event of the killing. Brutus went first and used "Romans, countrymen and lovers" He puts Romans first as he killed Caesar for the good of Rome.
When a senator fought back he was later forced to commit suicide by Nero. These two extracts are not just observations by Tacitus, but heavy criticisms against a man who was unworthy for his post. Tacitus stood against self - indulgence and extravagant displays of wealth as he saw these as being major flaws of the aristocracy and nobility. Although Tacitus was far more interested in moral behaviour, he saw these flaws as the basis for Rome's decline at the time of Nero. An example of this decaying Rome was in Ad60 when the people of Pompeii and Nuceria assaulted each other at the gladiatorial event.