Caesar had been betrayed by Brutus when he murdered him; while Caesar had trusted him and thought him as his right hand man. “It must be by his death, and for my part, I know no personal cause to spurn at him, But for the general. He would be crowned. How that might change his nature, there’s the question” (Shakespeare 847). Brutus feels he needed to kill Caesar because he believes that Caesar wouldn’t be a rightful ruler for Rome.
In Shakespeare’s The Tragedy of Julius Caesar, Brutus faces an internal conflict involving his best friend Caesar becoming the ruler of Rome. Brutus must decide whether to let Caesar live, knowing he would be a bad ruler for Rome, or whether he should kill him for the good of the people. Based on Brutus’ knowledge, his decision to kill Caesar was justified with reason, being innocently misled and manipulated, and the intention of doing what was best for the general good of Rome. Julius Caesar was murdered before being crowned the ruler of Rome due to fear that his personality and many of his characteristics would lead to his rule being one similar to a dictatorship. Many of these characteristics that caused Caesar to be murdered also develop him as the tragic hero of the play.
Throughout the play, Brutus shows very knowledgeable, perceptive, and noble qualities toward the Roman Democracy. At first glance, Brutus is condemned for murdering his best friend, which is a hard concept to comprehend as being noble, but all that he did, he did for the good of Rome. Furthermore, Antony’s opinion of Brutus changes from pure despite and detestation, to honor, and respect, after he realizes the reasoning that Brutus had “‘Not that I loved Caesar less, but I loved Rome more./ Had you rather Caesar were living and die all slaves,/ Than that Caesar were dead and live all free men?’” (III.ii.21-22). This statement is spoken to the crowd, in regards to the assassination of Caesar. Here, Brutus is explaining to the people that he did not kill Caesar for his own personal gain, but for the good of Rome.
Brutus is a tragic hero because he is the character that made an error of judgment and brought on a tragedy. In the beginning he was a benevolent person and a good friend of Caesar. His error of judgment, or mistake, was when he decided to join the conspiracy against Caesar and assassinate him. This was a fatal mistake for him because in the end his decision ends up making him kill himself. By betraying Caesar like he did, it made one thing led to the other, everyone hated him when he was just trying to do the right thing for Rome altogether, but his plan backfired.
However, Brutus clearly represents Aristotle’s Tragic Hero as his intentions for killing Julius Caesar were to protect the empire he loved. and brought upon him personal destruction. Brutus murdered Caesar with honorable purpose so that the Roman people would not “die all slaves”, but “live [as] freemen” (117). Caesar’s death was believed to be in the best interest of Rome and a necessary loss to the empire. Brutus did not seek glory or power, but stability for Rome (unlike most of the conspirators).
They gave him the justification he needed to kill Caesar, which was “its Good of Rome.” The assumption was that Caesar would eventually take the crown, which would never less destroyed Rome according to Brutus thoughts. By making this assumption and joining the other conspirators he set him self up for many problems for him and for Rome. This was one of the fatal mistakes made by Brutus. Brutus actually made two mistakes with Mark Antony. The first was letting Mark Antony live and the second was letting him speak alone at the funeral.
The Life of Brutus Despite being close to Julius Caesar, Brutus was involved in the conspiracy that led to his death. This was not easy on Brutus, him being the last person to physically stab Julius Caesar. Brutus was a well loved politician amongst the Roman people, and they trusted him. Julius Caesar was proving to be a poor leader, and becoming a dictator while Rome was supposed to be a Republic. Brutus and his friends feared for the future of Rome if Julius Caesar continued to be its leader, causing them to conspire his murder with the intent to properly reinstate the Roman government.
When he murder Caesar, Brutus use rhetoric, figures of speech, to win over the hearts of people, discredit Caesar’s reputation, and maybe gain some creditability for himself. When this occurred, Brutus announced that he would allow Antony to make a speech for the people after Brutus won over the crowd. In Brutus speech, he mentions to the people why Caesar was better dead than alive. This reason Brutus gave was Caesar was too ambitious and not fitted for a leader. Well, in Antony’s oration he did what he promised, not to point out who murder Caesar, however he wanted his fellow Romans to bring justice to Caesar and prove that Caesar was not ambitious but noble.
Caesar was the absolute power but because Rome had experienced a cruel tyrant Tarquin who enslaved the Romans, everyone was scared of this happening again. The role of the common people was important as if they offered light relief for the audience but more importantly provided the key for avenging Caesars death. Brutus and Mark Antony knew that the crowd could be manipulated and exploited this using various but subtle techniques which influenced the crowd. When the conspirators killed Caesar Brutus and Mark Antony made speeches about Caesar and the event of the killing. Brutus went first and used "Romans, countrymen and lovers" He puts Romans first as he killed Caesar for the good of Rome.
However that is what makes him a tragic hero. The Tragedy of Julius Caesar written by William Shakespeare gives us the tragic hero of Brutus. This Roman is a tragic hero because he comes from high political standing and brings about his own downfall because of his fatal flaw of being a poor judge. Brutus enlightens us to be wary of those we trust because the decisions we make could ultimately destroy what we try hardest to protect.