Syracuse University Press: New York (1994) Lewis, Rupert. Marcus Garvey and the Early Rastafarians: Continuity and Discontinuity. Chanting Down Babylon: The Rastafari Reader. Ed. Nathaniel Murrell, William Spencer, and Adrian McFarlane.
Rastafari. Chicago: Research Associates Publications, 1996 Potash, Chris. Reggae, Rasta, Revolution. New York: Schirmer Books, 1997. Roberts, John Storm.
It was this hopeless situation that readied the minds and hearts of the Rastafarians to look beyond their lives in Jamaica. They began to look to a new life and a new world by the name of Ethiopia. The concept of Ethiopia as Zion, a destined homeland for all Black people, soon took hold of the Rastafarians so much so that it became the basis for their religion, Ethiopianism. According to one source, "It is the Rastafari movements, with its origins in Jamaica, that Ethiopianism has been most consistently elaborated for nearly seven decades" (Dread History). Ethiopianism, and specifically the belief in Ethiopia as Zion, was so accepted by the Rastafarians because it offered a sense of dignity and hope in an otherwise hopeless economic and social climate.
As you can see Judaism and Rastafarianism has strong connections, being it beliefs, events which happened to them in the past, origin, and the worship of one God. "The Rastafarians emerge as a loosely organized inspirational group (or groups?) of men and women concerned at the plight of black people, especially the plight of those whose ancestors were forcibly removed from Africa to become the slaves of the white man on his plantations in the islands of the Caribbean"(Cashmore, 1). The English takeover of Jamaica in 1660 started the terrible beginning of the African Diaspora. Millions of Africans were stolen off of their continent and were shipped over to the Caribbean where they were fashioned to do slave labor so the Europeans could make money.
London: Rough Guides Ltd, 1997. Bradley, Lloyd. This Is Reggae Music. New York: Grove Press, 2000. Chang, Kevin, and Wayne Chen.
The Pan Africanism movement covers the African diaspora subject across the globe, most recently in the Asian continent. The following communities discussed in this paper are from India and the Persian Gulf area. In the Land of Israel, immigrants of Ethiopian began settling in the state since the 1970’s. Black Jews practice Judaism and Ethiopians migrated to Israel primarily for religious reasons. With roots going back to biblical times, Ethiopians Jews were surprise to find other groups of people who had been practicing the religion as well.
The Exploration of Africa: from Cairo to the Cape. New York: Harry N. Abrams, Inc, 1991. "Part IV Anti-Colonialism & Reconstruction." 5 Mar. 2000 <http://www.cocc.edu/cagatucci/classes/hum211/timelines/htimeline4.htm>.
Reggae, Rastafari, and the Rhetoric of Social Control. University Press of Mississippi. United States of America. 2002. Chang, Kevin O' Brian, and Wayne Chen.