Judaism, Religion, Race, Culture, And A Nation

2080 Words9 Pages
Jewish Religion is formally known as Judaism which can be described as a religion, race, culture, and a nation. Judaism is the original of three Abrahamic faiths, which includes Christianity and Islam. Judaism was originated in the Middle East over 3500 years ago. The religion was founded by Moses, although Jews trace their history back to Abraham. Jews believe that there is only one God with whom they have covenant. Judaism teaches that every person was created “b’tzelem Elohim”, which is Hebrew for “in the image of God”. For this reason, every person is equally important and has an infinite potential to do good in the world. They believe people have the freewill to make responsible choices in their lives. Judaism was the first tradition monotheism, the belief that there is only one God. Judaism tends to focus more on the way in which you practice and live in the world than it does on analyzing the nature of God. In fact, in biblical monotheism is usually called “ethnical monotheism” because of the very strong linkage of right acts to the belief in one God. Judaism does recognize the physical existence of human prophets, such as Moses, Haggai, Zechariah, and Malachi, but does not classify them as divine, meaning that they are not gods in whole or in part. Similarly, Judaism acknowledges the life and work of Jesus of Nazareth, but does not consider him divine. In the Jewish faith, only God is divine. The concept of a messiah, which is an English translation of the Hebrew phrase 'the anointed one, ' is specifically outlined in Judaism. Although the Christian vision of the messiah was fulfilled in Jesus Christ, who they believe was divine as well as human, Judaism conceptualizes the messiah as a full-blooded human, whom God will c... ... middle of paper ... ...al, slight differences in the numbering of verses and there are some significant differences in the translations. In addition to the written scriptures we have an "Oral Torah," a tradition explaining what the above scriptures mean and how to interpret them and apply the Laws. Orthodox Jews believe God taught the Oral Torah to Moses, and he taught it to others, down to the present day. This tradition was maintained only in oral form until about the 2d century C.E., when the oral law was compiled and written down in a document called the Mishnah. Jews have made a variety of responses to these challenges that have resulted in the division into several branches of Judaism. In the United States and Canada, the three main branches are Orthodox Judaism, Reform Judaism and Conservative Judaism. Orthodox Judaism are Jews that believe that God revealed the laws of the Torah.
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