Jonathan Swift In an age of where rationality and morals were held to the accepted values, Jonathan Swift stood out as a champion of humanism. All his life he attacked pretense and begged people to see that life is not always what it seems when you look harder and think deeper. In addition, Swift was one of the most powerful writers of his time; able to rally people and nations around the caustic and moral views expressed in his works. His political writings for the Tories exposed the corruptions of government and paved the way for his acclaimed satires.
Traveling around the world can open your eyes to many new discoveries. Jonathan Swift was a well-known author during the 1600 and 1700’s. Many of Swift’s pieces were based on his experiences during his travels. “For most general readers, the name Jonathan Swift is associated only with his satiric masterpiece Gulliver's Travels. They are not aware that, in addition to it and hundreds of poems, he wrote a great deal of nonfictional prose, much of it of considerable interest, significance, and excellence” (Schakel).
"A Modest Proposal” a Political Statement Mouth-watering, scrumptious, and delicious are a few words that come to mind when you think of Jonathan Swift’s “A Modest Proposal.” His satire on the conditions of life in 1729 was to draw its readers to serious discussion on the distressing matters that plagued their society. His extreme and sarcastic response to the treatment of the ever-growing poor population of Irish families, by the rich English landowners, was to bring to light a matter that they had come to accept as normal. Apparently, over time English landowners obtained ownership of Irish lands and would lease these lands back to the Irish farmers at outrageous prices. This made it nearly impossible for farming families to make ends meet and in some cases to the point of near starvation.
The world is a strange place, full of strange people, strange customs, and strange ideas. Jonathan Swift understood that and chose to write down just how strange and absurd the world was, satirizing the customs of civilization and humanity by crafting strange lands with strange people and strange customs that oddly mirrored the world he lived and explained them from the point of view of Lemuel Gulliver, a man who fit into Swift’s time and Swift’s world but whose views of his world are changed by the oddities of the odd nations he visits and how their unusual behaviors reflect those of his people.
Reason’s Significance One of the most important differences between humans and all other forms of life can be seen in our ability to think and rationalize our decisions and choices as humans. Without reason, we as humans would be no different than a cat or dog. God, in his infinite wisdom, blessed man with the ability to reason, but left it entirely up to us whether or not we choose to use it. Alexander Pope and Jonathon Swift, two prominent writers of the eighteenth century, take two very different approaches when it comes to the importance or insignificance of reason.
Jonathan Swift wrote his book Gulliver’s Travels in the first half of the 1720’s. At the time he was writing much more of the “new world” had been explored and colonized, giving Swift with the ability to create a traveller to poke fun at and critique the men who had previously made themselves out to be heroes by creating a fiction often more believable than the supposed truths. Gulliver’s admiration for other societies resembles that of Hythloday and his experience in Utopia. Both of these book show how writers back in Europe wished the explorers would have been more earnest in their descriptions of societies in the new world. Swift especially used his book to comment on the current state of Europe and its politics in the new world.
In his lengthy literary career, Jonathan Swift wrote many stories that used a broad range of voices that were used to make some compelling personal statements. For example, Swifts, A Modest Proposal, is often heralded as his best use of both sarcasm and irony. Yet taking into account the persona of Swift, as well as the period in which it was written, one can prove that through that same use of sarcasm and irony, this proposal is actually written to entertain the upper-class. Therefore the true irony in this story lies not in the analyzation of minute details in the story, but rather in the context of the story as it is written.
Johnathon Swift an Irish author best known for his satirist and clergyman, uses many of his writings to criticize certain aspects of the British management of Irish Affairs. Swift was born in 1667 and was brought up by his uncle due to the death of his father just two months after his birth which affect his mother struggling to provide for her son. ‘Swifts mother gave him to Godwin Swift, her late husband’s brother and a member of the respected profession attorney and judges group Gray’s inn.’ Swifts education played a large roll in his life. Because of his upbringing from his uncle, he had the opportunity to participate education and at just fourteen years old began his education at Trinity college. From trinity he graduated with a Bachelor of Arts degree which he then pursued onto his own studies. However, at this time in Ireland the revolution occurred which caused Swift to move to England to start a new life.