John Stuart Mill Utilitarianism

Satisfactory Essays
Alexis Sama
Philosophy 101
Professor William Ramsey
30 March 2014
John Stuart Mill focuses on The Utilitarianism theory and guides readers through the concept of understanding it to its full potential. He also informs readers about the theory in regards to his premises. He intellectually states what analytical premises can be given for accepting the utilitarian formula. In his introduction, he directly states that one should correctly understand the idea of utilitarianism. It is a primary condition of analytical acceptance or rejection. John Stuart mill believes that there is a wide variety of misconception to the formed meaning of The Utilitarianism Theory. He wants readers to view and make out what it’s not, and have those that undermine the theory to the remove the reasonable objections with the wrong interpretations of its meaning. A majority of philosophers have criticized utilitarianism as “unjust,” because it has no way of dividing society equally with goods being distributed.
Mill defines utilitarianism as a theory based on the principle that “actions are right in proportion as they tend to promote happiness, wrong as they tend to produce the reverse of happiness.” In his words he defines happiness as a state of pleasure without pain. Mill rebuttals that the pain caused to one can differ in quality and quantity, and that pleasures aren’t always the same, meaning one’s higher pleasure might be someone’s lower pleasure. Meaning he makes it clear that often times ones goals and ends results conclude to someone’s happiness.
Mill also states the Utilitarianism is a form of consequentialism. An action could be morally wrong or morally right, depending on what action brings out the best outcome out of the...

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...s theory, often called hedonism. There is no benefit as to having utility as a single standard in which all applies to pleasures, because if you have one measurement to all it signifies that happiness is the same for all. If one’s end goal of human action is pleasure and that is all, how can one type of pleasure be essentially better than another? Compare the pleasure of living a life happy but completely deluded, seen from the perspective of “The Matrix” heroes of a life with happiness in which you are completely aware of on your own. The measurements of pleasure wouldn’t be the same because they are two completely different environments. Overall Mills theory would have a problem identifying happiness with pleasure. To presume that some pleasures are better than others is concluding that there is a standard as to how much goodness is in the pleasure.
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