John Stuart Mill

868 Words4 Pages
John Stuart Mill (1806-1873) completely changed definition of nineteenth century British views and political discussion. Mill argues for essential experimentation in logic and mathematics implying the primary principles of logic and mathematics are observations instead than know as a priori. Mill's principle of utility is that “actions are right in proportion as they tend to promote happiness; wrong as they tend to produce the reverse of happiness” (Mills, J., 1852), this was Mill's focus on ethical philosophy. Utilitarianism suggest an applicant for a prime criterion of morality, a criterion that contributes one with proof differentiating right and wrong. The utilitarian applicant is the criterion of utility, which states that “actions are right in proportion as they tend to promote happiness; wrong as they tend to produce the reverse of happiness. By happiness is intended pleasure and the absence of pain; by unhappiness, pain and the privation of pleasure.” (IEP, 2014)
Mill and Bentham's theories are different, although Mill discovered the school of Utilitarianism by using Bentham's criteria. Bentham will not acknowledge any differences in disposition however, Mill restricted human dispositions by value of qualitative differences calling some imperial and other ones base. Mill believed that intellectual dispositions were way more exceptional than physiological dispositions. Mill made qualitative characteristics in many pleasures. Bentham believed that all pleasures were comparable. For example, if the quantity of pleasures are alike than there would be no difference between writing poetry and sewing. “It is better to be a human being dissatisfied than a pig satisfied, better to be a Socrates dissatisfied than a fool satisfied.”...

... middle of paper ...

...makes genuine attempts to look beyond altercation into continued and a caring reasoning. That reasoning composed demanding answers to issues that still remain. One may not agree with all his answers, however, Mill serves as a exemplary for contemplating about human issues in a honest and educated way.

Works Cited

Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy. (2014), A Peer Reviewed Academic Resource. Retrieved from http://www.iep.utm.edu/milljs/ on February 15th, 2014.
Mill, J.S. (1852). A Peer Reviewed Academic Resource, Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy. (2014). Retrieved from http://www.iep.utm.edu/milljs/ on February 15th, 2014.
Mill, J.S., (1861). What is the Differences Between Mill and Bentham?. Retrieved from http://www.publishyourarticles.net/knowledge-hub/philosophy/what-is-the-difference-between-the-theories-of-mill-and-bentham.html on February 15th, 2014.

More about John Stuart Mill

Open Document