Moreover, a reduction in negative symptoms has also been noted to occur as individuals are treated with amisulpride and (Danion et al., 1999). The use of newer drugs to treat schizophrenia has produced fewer side effects in most patients. However, it has been found that although the use of risperidone to treat patients is very effective in treating the symptoms, there may be negative side effects for women using the drugs (Caracci,1999). As well, haloperidol has been one of the most widely used drugs for treating schizophrenia and is very effective, but if it is over-prescribed it could result in severe side effects for the patient (Yasui et al., 1999). Despite the possible side effects for some patients using drug therapy, it is still the treatment regime which produces in the highest success rate (Davison & Neale, 1998).
Undifferentiated is when they have many symptoms that do not fall into a sub category of schizophrenia, and residual is when the main symptoms of the illness have abated but some features, such as hallucinations and flat affect, may remain. There are a number of theories of how schizophrenia is caused but there is no one knows a true answer of how it comes about. Research so far says that people inherit a genetic venerability to schizophrenia others say that it is because by an unbalanced amount of chemicals in the brain that causes the inability to maintain mental health. Most symptoms are believed to be caused by an abnormal amount of stress in the persons life, but one thing truly positive about the illness is that a person with it is capable of living a close to normal life, that is with the proper treatment and medications.
Physiological Changes Due to Risperdal Hallucinations, delusions, paranoia, psychosis and thought disorder are all symptoms of Schizophrenia and people who suffer from these symptoms seek the treatment of atypical anti-psychotic medications. Those medicines include Risperidone (Risperdal), Clozapine (Clozaril) , Ziprasidone (Geodon) and Quetiapine(Seroquel). The purpose of these medications is to alleviate symptoms of Schizophrenia and lessen the chances of a recurrence. The basic function of Atypical Antipsychotics is to reduce the effects of blockage in the dopamine receptors and serotonin and allow communication between nerve cells. Dopamine is thought to be relevant in Schizophrenic symptoms and Antipsychotic medications act against these symptoms.
Often It is very difficult to treat bipolar patients due to several factors; slower metabolism of drugs, greater organ sensitivity to mood stabilizers, and concurrent medical conditions to name a few. Psychodynamic therapy is one of the therapies often chosen for Bipolar disorder under the theory that underlying unconscious conflict is exacerbating the patient’s symptoms and resolving them will improve the affective symptoms. Family treatment is also popular because people with bipolar disorder often have relationship dysfunctions, and just as with schizophrenia, an “expressed emotion” family is known to have contributed to relapses after hospitalization in the patient (Maj, 2002, pg, 284). Interpersonal intervention helps with how the person with bipolar disorder relates to others and has social interactions. Cognitive behavioral therapy is used to help the patient deal with stressful life situations in a healthy way as well as show the error in thinking during a depressive episode.
Although there are several types of therapy available to treat depression and other mood disorders, CBT (cognitive behavioral therapy) has been one of the most widely used. It is thought to be very effective in treating depression in adolescents and adults. CBT is targeted to quickly resolve maladaptive thoughts and behaviors without inquiring greatly into why those thoughts and behaviors occur as opposed to other forms of psychotherapy. Keywords: CBT, depression, therapy, recovery Cognitive Behavioral Therapy Cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) is a form of treatment that focuses on examining the relationships between thoughts, feelings and behaviors (NAMI, 2012). It is designed to modify the individual’s normative dysfunctional thoughts.
Throughout many studies, antidepressants have been shown to help improve depression in people. Antidepressants are drugs that are used in the treatment of mood disorders, such as depression, to alleviate symptoms so that people who suffer from depression may live a normal life. However, evidence has shown that antidepressants cause minimal improvement in depression, occasionally help with bipolar depression and can also cause suicide rates to increase. Therefore, I will be arguing that although antidepressants help some people, antidepressants are not a good solution for curing depression. The first study by Dimidjian, S., Hollon, S. D., Dobson, K. S., Schmaling, K. B., Kohlenberg, R. J., Addis, M. E., et al.
Since the birth of movies, Hollywood has strived to delve into the human experience and present certain aspects of life to the general population. Mental disorders are just one of many topics that are often explored for use in the media. The film A Beautiful Mind focuses specifically on paranoid schizophrenia, and follows protagonist John Nash’s life as he lives with the disorder. The film details Nash’s presymptomatic life at Princeton University, follows him through the early stages of the disorder, and continues as the symptoms begin to overrun his life. Luckily for Nash, his disorder is eventually clinically diagnosed and he is treated.
Some infrequent side effects that occur are skin problems such as rashes or itching, headache, dizziness, fatigue, insomnia, indigestion, nausea, diarrhea and slow heart rate. In conclusion, ADD is treatable through prescription medication and behavioral therapy and if left untreated inhibits one from functioning in society properly. At this time there is no cure for ADD, but much more is now known about effectively coping with and managing this persistent and troubling developmental disorder.
For all the benefits that anti-psychotic drugs provide, clearly they are far from ideal. Some patients will show marked improvement with drugs, while others might be helped only a little, if at all. Ideally, drugs soon will be developed to treat successfully the whole range os schizophrenia symptoms. Roughly one third of schizophrenic patients make a complete recovery and have no further recurrence, one third have recurrent episodes of the illness, and one third deteriorate into chronic schizophrenia with severe disability (Kass, 206). Bibliography BIBLIOGRAPHY Arasse, Daniel.
A doctor and/or psychiatrist can figure out what exactly is going on in the brain and can prescribe an antidepressant according to that. This paper also explains that maladaptive behaviors can be a resulting coping mechanism of depression, and when alcohol is involved, it can have an effect on a body’s health. This is especially true when a person is taking additional medication. All in all, when the neurotransmitters aren’t working correctly due to depression, there are safe and effective drugs that can be prescribed that can help fix the problem.