In a state of nature, each man, as the possessor of reason and free will, is cognitively independent and equal, and so, by implication, politically independent and equal (Braman 07). Locke knew that men were there own learning tools within themselves. Not only did they learn from there mistakes, which was known for centuries, but, they also grew from one another and took what they needed for there own well mental development (Braman 09) Just like mankind has been doing for as long as anyone can remember, they have been working there owns ways of life out for themselves and to learn from one another and not from someone or something telling you how you should be living.
Many can remember a point in their life when they were a small child, carefree and happy with dirt on their knees and a smile on their face, but how can one know that he is the same person now as he was then? This is a question concerning personal identity; which addresses why someone at one point in life is identical with someone later in life. When it comes to personal identity and it’s persistence through time, many theories exist to explain what makes a person a person. One view is John Locke’s theory of personal identity. He stated that identity was not dependent on any material substance, such as one’s body, instead Locke maintained that personal identity is tied to consciousness and perceptions.
John Locke believes that personal identity is about the human mind that has episodes of overlapping memories occur from how I can explain it based on how I perceived while reading his point of views. Locke considers the self to be really based upon our memory or consciousness and not on the matter of either soul or the body. From what I perceived, I think that on how Locke argued against the soul and body theories of personal identity was that the mind is defined by the experience, the perception and the rumination. But Locke’s main argument regarding personal identity is that personal identity is all about our self-consciousness. In Chapter 6 “Self” of Introducing Philosophy by Solomon, it states, “whose identity is based on the continuity of the body, just as you would say that you have had “the same car” for
To understand Locke’s concept of personal identity it is necessary to understand what he means by identity and what he means specifically by personal identity. Locke states there are three substances that we have ideas of and that have identities. He defines idea in Essay concerning Human Understanding as “whatsoever is the object of the understanding when a man thinks” (Essay, chapter 1, section 8). That is to say that an idea, to Locke, is the basic unit of human thought. Identity is based off of comparison of these ideas in different times and places.
This paper will argue that the philosopher John Locke would have agreed that the human being Karla Faye Tucker should have been executed. I will start by examining the fundamental difference between a human being and a person as forwarded by Locke. In addition, this paper will address what identity over time or what it means to be the same person over a period of time is. I will then show that through Locke's personal opinions, he would have believed that the human being Karla Faye Tucker was the same person who committed the crime 14 years ago and is thus culpable for punishment. A strong objection to my argument however is of Hume's opinion or lack of opinion (account or lack of account) on personal identity. Hume argues that the concept of personal identity is a falsification and that our personal identity is nothing more than a collection of memories which we bundle together as memories. I will counter-argue however that "
The personal identity continues to be same since a person is the same rational thing, same self, and thus the personal identity never changes (Strawson, 2014). Locke also suggests that personal identity has to change when the own self-changes and therefore even a little change in the personal identity has to change the self. He also provides an argument that a person cannot question what makes something today to remain the same thing it was a day ago or yesterday because one must specify the kind of thing it was. This is because something might be a piece of plastic but be a sharp utensil and thus suggest that the continuity of consciousness is required for something to remain the same yesterday and today. John Locke also suggests that two different things of a similar type cannot be at the same time at the same place. Therefore, the criteria of the personal identity theory of Locke depends on memory or consciousness remaining the same (Strawson, 2014). This is because provided a person has memory continuity and can remember being the same individual, feeling, thinking, and doing specific things, the individual can remain to be the same person irrespective of bodily
The concept of personal identity is a central philosophical component to a debate to which many theorists have contributed their theories to. One of the most prominent theories on personal identities was by John Locke, one of the influential theorist in the 17th century.
John Locke believed that the mind was a blank slate, shaped by experience, and the two sources of all our ideas were sensations and reflections. Within his theory of identity, Locke separated the idea of a substance, an organism, and a person; each determined by different criteria. The identity of a substance consists in its matter. For example: a mass of atoms is the same throughout time so long as it retains the same atoms, regardless of arrangement. He does not tie t...
He believed that the mind is a blank sheet and that knowledge comes to us through our senses. His idea of reality was that it was divided up into two categories: primary and secondary qualities. When these objects are in motion, the two properties fuse together. His theory says that the primary qualities are the objective reality and the secondary qualities are the things we experience that allow us to interact with the object. Primary qualities are mind-independent qualities that the physical object themselves have and usually stay the same. For example, mass, density, and weight. They’re not in our minds, they are in the external world. Secondary qualities, according to Locke, are not objectively real and can only be subjectively perceived. These include color, taste, and smell. Secondary qualities appear different at different times and to different people. For example, if a person who has had their hand on the stove puts their hand in room temperature water, the water would feel cool. On the other hand, if another person had their hand in the freezer and put that hand in the same room temperature water, it would feel warm to them. How could the water be both warm and cool at the same time? This shows that secondary qualities are mind dependent because the hotness or coldness does not exist in the water, but rather it is a sensation in our minds produced by the primary qualities of the water. He still believes in an external world. He believes that primary qualities exist external to our
The term “identity” is defined by the Oxford English Dictionary as “blah blah blah”. This concept can be viewed as personal and individual to one’s self, and is distinguished as an umbrella term to attributes such as; consciousness, heritage, name, appearance, and the soul. As Sterne’s novel Tristram Shandy draws influence from John Locke’s An Essay of Human Understanding, in which Locke discusses the origin of personal identity, the individual identity is evidently reflected within the text. The novel demonstrates Sterne’s interpretation of the personal identity through the construction of each of his unique characterisations. Tristram Shandy discusses the concept and origin of the individuality identity both reflecting and opposing Locke’s theory, and therefore should be considered to have more substance than just a “cock and bull story”.
For individual property to exist, there must be a means for individuals to appropriate the things around them. Locke starts out with the idea of the property of person; each person owns his or her own body, and all the labor that they perform with the body. When an individual adds their own labor, their own property, to a foreign object or good, that object becomes their own because they have added their labor. This appropriation of goods does not demand the consent of humankind in general, each person has license to appropriate things in this way by individual initiative.
The central theme in Locke’s property argument is the natural right to life. Locke, in explaining the natural right to life, said, “every man has property in his own person.” Thus, he argued, the labor that comes out from one’s own body should be one’s own property. One can make a private property when one mixes his own labor with something in “the state that nature has provided.”(2.27) On top of this, Locke adds on that “God has given the world to men in common… to make use of it to the best advantage of life.”(2.26) An Individual does not need an universal
John Locke stated that the identity of persons was the identity of conscious. What Locke meant by this is even if our body changes our mind doesn’t such as our memory’s. So for example, many people have horror accidents where they lose their arms, fingers or even legs, but either way the memory stays the same therefore they are the same person. Locke focused a lot on memory, he thought that our memory’s made us who we are and if we were to switch brains with someone and our memory were now in their body of another person 's. That the person who held the memory is now the same person they were before they switched bodies. So for example, if I was to break my mother’s favorite vase, then decide I wanted to switch bodies with my brother, but I