John Locke's, An Essay Concerning Human Understanding (1690), was first criticized by the philosopher and theologian, John Norris of Bemerton, in his "Cursory Reflections upon a Book Call'd, An Essay Concerning Human Understanding," and appended to his Christian Blessedness or Discourses upon the Beatitudes (1690). Norris's criticisms of Locke prompted three replies, which were only posthumously published. Locke has been viewed, historically, as the winner of this debate; however, new evidence has emerged which suggests that Norris's argument against the foundation of knowledge in sense-perception that the Essay advocated was a valid and worthy critique, which Locke did, in fact, take rather seriously. Charlotte Johnston's "Locke's Examination of Malebranche and John Norris" (1958), has been widely accepted as conclusively showing that Locke's replies were not philosophical, but rather personal in origin; her essay, however, overlooks critical facts that undermine her subjective analysis of Locke's stance in relation to Norris's criticisms of the Essay. This paper provides those facts, revealing the philosophical—not personal—impetus for Locke's replies.
Hobbes and Locke
John Locke and Thomas Hobbes were famous political Theorists among
other things in their time. Hobbes who was born 40 years before Locke
had a very different perspective to Locke and both will be examined
more through this essay. Even though many of there theories were
different in the sixteenth century Hobbes and Locke' s theories became
closer as the rise of the state and decline of the feudal system
brought about the question of authority.
John Locke born in 1632 he was influenced political thought immensely.
John Locke wrote a government idea in the 17th century that many people today would think is the idea of a fool. He thought that the government needed to stay out of the way of the lives of others and let the natural rights take place. Locke thought that the people were good and could live just fine without the government trying to control their every move. Locke implied the government is intended to be an instrument for the people and they could adjust or change the instrument as needed to best fit their needs (Pourly 2)
John Locke is the most influential character in American history, thought, and practice. Without the influence of his writings, America would not have the same foundation of unalienable Rights, stable governance, and quality of life. However, Locke remains widely unknown and unstudied by the newer generations of Americans. His most influential work, the Second Treatises of Government, laid the ground, both theoretically and institutionally, for the American system of government that has been enjoyed for over two centuries. His influence on the American way of thinking is made evident when examining the text of the Declaration of Independence and the United States Constitution.
John Locke was born in 1632. He earned his bachelor’s Degree in 1656 and a master's degree in 1658. In 1690 Locke’s An Essay Concerning Human Understanding appeared. From this came Tabula rasa. This then laid the foundation for environmentalism. Locke was an English philosopher who was regarded as one of the “most influential of enlightenment thinkers” and “important to social contract social” (Wikipedia). Locke died in 1704 never being married or having children. His theories are a part of what we practice today.
Hobbes and Locke both abandoned the thought of the divine right of
monarchy. Both did not agree with the fact that the ruler or assembly
would have all power over its citizens. So basically they were against
Absolutism and their views were that of rebels in their time period.
Theses two philosophers both held similar ideas but also have
conflicting ideas pertaining to the citizens "social contract" with
their rulers, "Natural Condition of Mankind," and sovereignty.
Who am I? Various traits may define who one is. What components form an identity? Various components may form an identity. Is a personal identity real? This varies from person to person. Along with everyday people having an opinion, plenty of philosophers do as well. Three different variations of ideas on personal identity that will be covered come from; John Locke, David Hume, and a Buddhist scripture. The theories range from not having a personal identity to considering personal identity to be one’s physical soul. The various theories by the philosophers mentioned above will be analyzed to determine what one’s personal identity could be.
A revolution is the replacement of a government by a different one. The idea of revolution has been around since the first kingdoms were found. However, the idea was not as developed until the enlightenment. John Locke, one of the greatest philosophers of all time came up with the idea that if a government does not function properly, people can rebel and form a new government.
John Locke is known as one of the most important philosophers and political theorists. His essays on the theory of knowledge, religions, and medicine made him very well known.
Locke and Rousseau present themselves as two very distinct thinkers. They both use similar terms, but conceptualize them differently to fulfill very different purposes. As such, one ought not be surprised that the two theorists do not understand liberty in the same way. Locke discusses liberty on an individual scale, with personal freedom being guaranteed by laws and institutions created in civil society. By comparison, Rousseau’s conception portrays liberty as an affair of the entire political community, and is best captured by the notion of self-rule. The distinctions, but also the similarities between Locke and Rousseau’s conceptions can be clarified by examining the role of liberty in each theorist’s proposed state of nature and civil society, the concepts with which each theorist associates liberty, and the means of ensuring and safeguarding liberty that each theorist devises.