In order to understand the current state of women and the way in which gender relates to crime and criminal justice, it is first necessary to provide a comprehensive analysis of the historical evolution of women in the criminal justice system and the affect that the different waves of feminism have had on policies and practices towards women in this system. I plan to argue that the criminal justice system is another form of patriarchal control, a sexist organization which creates conflict between the private sphere of a woman's life and the public. This control extends far beyond the just incarcerated women, it affects all women. Despite the fact that there have been changes to certain policies and prison regulations, though made with resistance, none of the changes have been for the better. By looking at past and present situations as well as the differing feminist perspectives on the justice system, I hope to offer ways and opinions on how to improve this system and allow women to equally balance their life in the public sphere as well as their life in the private sphere.
Therefore, this article reflects on how gender is impact in post-conflict interventions. Lives Blown Apart: Crimes against Women in Times of Conflict, Stop Violence against Women. London: Amnesty International, International Secretariat, 2004. Print. This book looks at specific cases of violence and questions not only why these acts happened, but what can be done to prevent further violence.
Life course theory in my opinion, displays a better explanation on women’s criminality and their reasoning behind their offenses. Drawing from the structure of social theory by Gottfredson and Hirschi’s, Laub’s formed this theory, which speculates life events in one’s life. Not only does life course theory look at the importance of what initiate these women criminal behaviors but it also explore existences patterns that may have caused a change. Following this theory, life course is an interview process that interviews incarcerated women at the adolescent stage and then interviewed again in their adulthood stage. Peggy, Giordano, Deines, and Cernkovich main focus in respect to women offending, is to get a better study of female to date.
Using bi variate correlation and multiple regression, the theories were tested against each other in an attempt to determine the cause of variation in levels of protection. The findings suggest that both women’s representation and culture are significantly correlated to level of protection. Because the number of women in elected office influences protection to a greater extent than culture, improving women’s representation appears to be an important factor in fighting the domestic violence problem. THE DOMESTIC VIOLENCE PROBLEM Across... ... middle of paper ... ....  For data source, see UN. The World’s Women 2000: Trends and Statistics.
“Sexual Politics, “For it is precisely because certain groups have no representation in a number of recognized political structures that they 're position tends to be so stable, their oppression so continuous” (191). For this reason, theory, among various other structures, should become more inclusive, recognizing nonbinary genders and facing issues that affect the people who identify with them. Nonbinary gender has largely been left out of feminist discourse, as well as queer theory and even trans studies. Even pivotal works on gender fail to recognize and account for the existence of non or multiple genders. In viewing and defining feminism non-essentialism, or antifoundationalism, is vital to understanding gender and sex theory.
Why the objectification affects women? The objectification changes the way that society treats women. Seeing women as objects means everyone can treat them in the ways people wants despite women own wills or wants. According to Szymanski, Moffitt, and Carr (2011), the sexual objectification affects women in a mental way. Some mental health problems are likely to happen in the female who suffer in the objectification.
This is excellently shown in books written by Freda Adler and Rita Simon as they generally state that once female emancipation became a large part of society, it allowed for women to create many opportunities for themselves that made them just as likely to be subject to crime as men. It was also predicted that men and women would ultimately be treated equally within the criminal justice system based on this fact. However history shows that men and women commit different crimes allowing for them to receive different punishments in regards to those crimes. Often when a man commits theft he is seen as greedy; however, when a women commits theft she is seen as needy. This allows sentencing to follow many different variables based on the interpretation of the crime and the criminal.
Further, it is our socializing into prescribed positions that is the motivator behind gender inequality. For example, these advocates see salary inequalities as caused by choices women create, which involve family positions that contest with their perform positions.
The Corsten Report (2007) on women in the criminal justice system states that ‘equal outcomes require different approaches’. Critically consider this statement with reference to research and practice. In order to demonstrate that equal outcomes for women do require different approaches within the criminal justice system, this essay intends to look at the behavioural and situational differences between female and male offenders. It will highlight the inadequate facilities available for female prisoners. It will also look at the historical differences between crimes committed by males and females and the growing trend of women involvement in drug offences.
The aim of this paper is to examine the reasons why society blames the victims rather than the perpetrators and to explore why they commit sexual violence offences. I will mainly draw on the piece of Young, which draws on transcripts to demonstrate the way in which lawyers deteriorate the victim’s legitimacy. Using other sources, I will attempt to explain how and why victims of rape are blamed for this crime. Young examines using trial transcripts, observations and discussions with legal personnel whom have been involved in rape trials and analyses the way in which females are “figured in the law of rape”. This is relevant to showing how women’s stories are challenged before the law and how they remain unheard by the legal system.