John Galliano and Christian Dior

2000 Words8 Pages
In this essay I am going to study two outfits created by designers of haute couture fashion. Christian Dior was designing in the post war years and the two pieces from his collection that I have chosen are from the late 1940’s/50’s. The other designer is John Galliano who joined the House of Dior much later. The two Galliano designs I am looking at, are from the late 80’s and 90’s. Within this essay I am going to consider what has influenced the designers and their works, their results and how succesful they are.

Christian Dior was born in Normandy in 1905 to a wealthy family. When he was ten his family moved to Paris, where from 1920 – 1925 he studied political science at Ecole des Sciences Politiques. However, all Dior wanted to do was work in the arts. In 1928 his father gave him the money to open an art gallery on the condition that the family name did not appear above the door. Unfortunately, following deaths in the family, Dior’s gallery closed and he scraped a living selling fashion sketches to haute couture houses. When World War II began in 1939 Dior served as an officer for a year. He returned to Paris in 1941 and began playing a more prominent role in the design industry by dressing the wives of the Nazi officers and French collaborators. After the war, Dior was invited by Marcel Boussac to revive a struggling clothing company which he owned. Dior felt that at this period everyone was ready for a new style contrasting the drab war years and, with Marcel Boussac’s financial backing, he launched the couture house of Dior, which was decorated in his favourite colours of white and grey. In 1947 Christian Dior presented a collection of luxurious clothes with sloping shoulders, thin waists and full flowing skirts - Dior ...

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...ano’s design from his 1998-1999 autumn/winter collection. I love the overall daring, dramatic statement of this outfit; the strong bold colours and flowing opulent lines. A wearer would immediately very feel confident and vibrant.

Bibliography,

Books; ‘Galliano’ by Colin McDowell - ISBN; 0-75380-497-2, ‘Classics of fashion’ by Harriet Worsley - ISBN; 1-84044–100–3 and ‘The Fashion Book by Phaidon’ – ISBN; 0–7148–4118-8

Websites; www.vam.ac.uk, www.vintageconnection.net, artarttattler.com/designcouture, www.guardian.co.uk/fashion, designmuseum.org.

Works Cited

‘Galliano’ by Colin McDowell - ISBN; 0-75380-497-2, ‘Classics of fashion’ by Harriet Worsley - ISBN; 1-84044–100–3 and ‘The Fashion Book by Phaidon’ – ISBN; 0–7148–4118-8

www.vam.ac.uk, www.vintageconnection.net, artarttattler.com/designcouture, www.guardian.co.uk/fashion, designmuseum.org.
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