John Dewey Democracy And Education Analysis

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John Dewey (1859 – 1952) was an American philosopher, psychologist, and educational activist whose notions have been prominent in education and social reform. Dewey is one of the primary figures linked with the philosophy of pragmatism and is considered one of the fathers of functional psychology. Dewey's educational theories were presented in his book ‘Democracy and Education’ (1916). Dewey’s thesis is that “education and learning are social and interactive processes, and thus the school itself is a social institution through which social reform can and should take place” (Field, 2001. p.3). In addition, he believed that students bloom in an environment where they are allowed to experience and interact with the curriculum, and where all…show more content…
Rather than preparing students to be thoughtful, self-directed and ethical beings capable of arriving at social truths through critical dilemmas, schools prepare students to be ‘rubber stamps’ with dictatorial work and political structures, train students for work by providing the student with a limited set of skills and information to do a particular job, and discourage the chase of individuality and creativity. (Dewey, 1916). The ideas of democracy and social reform are repeatedly discussed in the long 26 chapters of Democracy and Education. In the opening chapters, Dewey introduced the concepts that he would employ throughout the enquiry that the importance of schools not only as a place to gain content knowledge, but also as a home to learn how to…show more content…
In a nutshell, Dewey ascertained in his book that "to prepare an individual for the future life means to give him command of himself; it means so to train him that he will have the full and ready use of all his capacities" (Dewey, 1916. p.233). Dewey's ideas were not broadly incorporated into the practices of his own country, i.e., American public schools and is criticized that the book Democracy and Education constitutes an attempt rather than a refined post-inquiry product, or an incomplete journey rather than a package. However, some of his values and terms like ‘progressive education’ were widespread, and had re-surfaced in many school reform and education theory circles as a prosperous field of inquiry education and inquiry-based

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