John Bowlby's Theory Of Parenting Theory In Early Childhood

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We are all composed of basic traits and qualities, but it is the unique and enduring combination of these traits that make up our personality (Feldman & Feinman, 1947). The formation of our personality is heavily influenced by the relationship with our mother during our early childhood. To avoid misinterpretation, Bowlby (as cited in Hinde 1991) has clarified the term “mother” to be a primary caregiver who the infant becomes attached to. John Bowlby’s theory of attachment explains how the relationship or, attachment dynamic, has an effect on the way we interact with and understand the world as infants. This is known as the internal working model (IWM) and it includes how the infant understands the behavioural expectations of the world, their mother and themselves (Schore, 2000). An infant’s IWM are observed and categorised into three attachment styles known as secure, avoidant and ambivalent. This is done through Ainsworth 's strange situation procedure (SSP) (Behrens, Parker & Haltigan, 2011). As we grow older, and start to discover a sense of individuality, the maternal influences on…show more content…
John Bowlby’s theory of attachment and the internal working model (IWM) synthesise to explain how an infant’s personality begins to develop during the early stages of their life. Infants are actively seeking interaction, and it is the nature, consistency and sensitivity of the mother’s response to the infant 's attachment, that determines the development of the IWM, this is known as the reciprocal interchange (Schore, 2000; Ainsworth & Bowlby, 1991). The way in which the IWM develops will then determine the attachment style that the infant has with their mother and ultimately what personality traits they begin to
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