John Bowlby's Impact Of Attachment Theory On Child Development

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INTRODUCTION
Attachment theory put forward an account of how the child and parent connection emerges and influence ensuing maturity or development of the child. Studies of the amazing behavioral capacities of the normal neonate have shown that the infant sees, hears and moves in rhythm with his/her mother ’s voice in the first minutes and hours of life, resulting in a beautiful linking of the reactions of the two and a synchronized “dance” between the mother and the infant (Klaus and Kennel, 1982).
The impact of attachment theory on the development of a child in an early life cannot be overemphasized. This theory was developed by John Bowlby a psychoanalyst and psychologist from the united kingdom . According to Bowlby (1973, 1980), experience with primary caregivers leads to generalized expectations and beliefs (“working models”) about self, the world, and relationships. Bowlby explains these illustrations as continual and up till now open to amendment based on practice.
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Early in a child 's life there is a tendency for bonding with an external body which in most instances the care provider. Attachment is, in a lot of ways, is a factor that is internally regulated and can be considered as the child 's level of strength of mind. As the child develops he is wholly dependent on the care giver for emotional support and soothing, slowly but surely build the capability to cope alone. Furthermore: “early development entails the gradual transition from extreme dependence on others to manage the world for us to acquiring the competencies needed to manage the world for oneself” (Shonkoff and Phillips,

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