Introduction Attachment is very important within a child's development. Different theorists provide many different theories into how and why children/infants make attachments. An attachment is an emotional bond between two people (mainly the primary caregiver and the infant/child), in which they both seek security when in the presence of each other. As time goes by, the bond will become stronger (Healthofchildren.com, 2017). When a person creates an attachment bond, it may not be reciprocated by the other person.
Also, if the child’s needs are not completely fulfilled, the child may develop an insecure attitude (Romero). In the second stage, Erikson argued that the challenge is to establish autonomy vs. shame. In this certain stage, parents begin to help children take some personal responsibility, such as toilet training, feeding, and dressing. A Toddler realizes that they are a ... ... middle of paper ... ...in their child’s life. Children can bring hope to the world because they are simply the future.
Although some children attached to their parents may create problems for when they are at different settings like school or if the parent has a job, parents should be taught this as a child develops from attachment as their emotional ties is developing the child’s emotional development as they feel happiest with who they are helping them experience feelings they may not have ... ... middle of paper ... ...e development, but to develop children do need the factors of child development. Works Cited • Delaney, E. M., & Kaiser, A. P. (2001). The effects of teaching parents blended communication and behavior support strategies. Behavioral Disorders, 26(2), p 93–116. • Doherty, J & Hughes M. (2009).
For this reason, relationships between the parents and their children will be seen as the foundation for future relationships. Theoretical Framework Attachment Theory In exploring various aspects of relationships, the Attachment theory offers significant assistance (Bowlby, 1969). The theory argues that attachment between the parents and the children can influence the children’s ability and willingness to establish relationships with other people. Accordingly, the children with strong bonds with their parents have confidence and can establish other relationships with people in their environment while those who have weak bonds and experience strenuous relationships with their parents develop low self-esteem and are not much willing to interact with people (Ainsworth, 1989). In this regard, Ainsworth (1989) suggests that how social a person is depends on his/her experiences during his/her childhood.
When a parent does not display or respond with love, compassion, or gentleness, the offspring’s social, emotional, and mental development may be compromised. Relationships developed in early childhood may affect an individual's ability to form relationships and emotional attachments later on in life. Such inabilities may impact one's social and parenting relationships with their own children, and can span across generations (Alhusen et al., 2013). An individual’s developmental outcome may go on to affect not only themselves and their children, but if repeated throughout generations, may affect the way a a population cares for their young. In conclusion, parent-offspring relationships and attachments play very vital roles in the way an individual grows, survives, and reproduces in their environment.
Interaction between children and their care givers are integrated into representational or internal working models that guide children understanding of current and future relationships, including expectations regarding the trustworthiness and predictability of others. Attachment security is fostered when children trust that their care-givers are accessible and capable of responding to their needs and safety. Parental divorce is a stressful time that may initiate different
Parent emotionality is crucial in the socialization process. When a parent is warm and loving, the child is likely to want to maintain the parent’s approval and to be distressed at any prospect of losing the parent’s love (Baumrind, 1991; Grusec & Davidov, 2007). If, on the other hand, a parent was to be cold and rejecting, the threat of withdrawal of love is unlikely to be an effective mechanism or socialisation. The goal of socialisation is the help the child to eventually control their own behaviour and choose socially responsible alternatives. Behavioural control involves setting reasonable rules and reasoning, and monitoring children’s activities.
Authoritative and Permissive styles of parenting, leaves less to be desired when it comes to child development. Authoritative parenting style establishes rules and guidelines which they expect their children to follow. Authoritative parents are responsive to their children and questions are encouraged. A more nurturing and forgiving approach is practiced, as opposed to the avenue of punishment. Baumrind suggests that these parents "monitor and impart clear standards for their children’s conduct.
Placing a child with a family that is a good fit for both the child and foster family will provide a controlled and stable environment. It will present a parental influence that will help the child to feel secure and provide structure. As soon as the child has no fears or conflicts from their previous home this will allow for the healing process to begin (Crosson-Tower, 2014, p.318). Assessments and doctor appointments can be done to help determine any delays in development or language that may not have been done when the child was outside of foster care. The assessments and appointments are useful for developing plans that can be implanted to help the child to reach any unmet developmental levels and encourage positive growth.
I do not believe that the sexual orientation of a parent either negatively or positively impact the child but the relation between the child and the parent has the most impact on a child’s life not the sexual orientation of the parent. Having same-sex parents does not negatively impact children. Parent children relationship has shown to be important indicators on friendships, how well a child does in school, and also a predictor of