John B Watson Behaviorism

explanatory Essay
403 words
403 words

The school of psychology created by John B. Watson that refers to the belief that behaviors can measured, altered, and trained is called Behaviorism. Behaviorism was established with the publication of Watson's classic paper "Psychology as the Behaviorist Views It" (1913). (citer psychology today). Behaviors advanced to become a prevailing force in psychology, for a period of time staring in the 1920s through the 1950s. Behaviorists believe that all behaviors are an effect of conditioning. Regardless of their disposition or background, any person could be disciplined to act in a distinct form given the right type of conditioning. Behaviorist believed that all behavior could be made clear without the compulsion to contemplate their consciousness …show more content…

John B Watson known as the father of Behaviorism believed in the definition stated above. Other pioneers of Behaviorism were Pavlov, Watson, Thorndike, Skinner, Bandura, and Tolman. Pavlov made the discovery that led to the beginning of behavioral theory, while studying digestive reflexes in dogs. He was able to predict that the dogs would salivate due to classical conditioning. Classical condition happens when a being learns to correlate one stimulus with another. Thorndike, another behaviorist did not believe completely agree with Pavlov theory because most behavior in its natural habitat could not be explained that simply. Thorndike's theory was that the behavior that initially produced the desired consequence developed into the leading behavior and therefore, happened more quickly in his experiments. “He argued that more complicated behavior was influenced by anticipated results, not by a triggering stimulus as Pavlov had supposed. This idea became known as the law of effect, and it provided the basis for Skinner's operant conditioning analysis of behavior” (Schwartz & Lacy, 1982, pp. 24-26). Skinner used the law of effect to conduct his research into punishment and reward. Skinner theorized that operant condition was the result of the behavior caused by the law of effect, because the behavior of a being operated on the

In this essay, the author

  • Explains the school of psychology created by john b. watson that refers to the belief that behaviors can measured, altered, and trained.
  • Explains that many of the leading in behaviorism shared the same beliefs with some minor differences. pavlov, watson, thorndike, skinner, bandura, and tolman were pioneers of behavioral theory.
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