John Adams Foreign Policy

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In the Revolutionary period, John Adams was a leader who was one of the founding fathers and advocate for the independence of America. He was a member of the Continental Congress. During the Revolutionary war, Adams served in France and Holland as a diplomatic role. After George Washington was elected as the President, he was put under Washington as the first Vice President. After Washington’s presidency, Adams, who was apart of the Federalists, got elected as President on March 4th, 1797 with Thomas Jefferson, his friend and rival as Vice President. John Adams was well known for his aloofness, and demonstrated passionate patriotism for America, he was also an independent man who did not care for the opinion of the public; except his wife
Adams was criticized by both parties: his own, the Federalists and the Republicans. He was also called a warmonger and an indecisive leader during wartime; along with his uncontrollable temper, he would make rash decisions without consulting his cabinet members (Gevinson). Britain and America signed the Jay’s Treaty in 1794, and it caused France to be highly unsatisfied ("Thomas Jefferson 's Monticello"). As a result in 1796, the French began to snatch or capture American merchant ships by surprise (“Milestones: 1784–1800 - Office of the Historian").However, the Foreign Minister decided to not be cooperative and instead insulted the American envoys; this incident became known as the XYZ affairs, and it, “sparked a white-hot reaction within the United States” ( “John Adams: Foreign Affairs”). President Adams requested Congress to to create a navy because the protecting American commerce was the top priority (Magill 46). Adams was in an unofficial war with France: Quasi War. Yet in the meantime, peace negotiations were also being held in France. In the Convention of 1800 or Treaty of Mortefontaine, peace was restored between America and France ("Milestones: 1784–1800 - Office of the Historian”). Adams’ goal was avoiding full scale with France, however his own party: the Federalists, supported war against France. That meant that
Subsequently during the Quasi War, President Adams signed the Alien and Sedition Acts in 1798 (Gevinson). The idea of the acts was to suppress any French sympathizers in America and contain the growth of Republicans (Magill 48). Immigrants mainly became Republicans. The Republicans were were not only enraged by the signing of the Alien and Sedition Acts, in the Republican’s response, they created the Kentucky and Virginia Resolutions that “challenged the legitimacy of federal authority over the states” ( “John Adams: Life in Brief”). It argued that the acts were unconstitutional (Magill 48). In 1800, Adams’ signed the peace treaty with France, it enraged his own party the Federalists who were anti-French (Smith 20). In 1800, Adams’ second reelection was difficult for him because his party: the Federalists were divided over his foreign policy (“John Adams: Campaigns and Elections”). Though Adams came to close winning, the victory went to Thomas Jefferson. Thomas Jefferson became the Third President of the United States of America (Magill

In this essay, the author

  • Explains that john adams was one of the founding fathers and advocated for the independence of america. he served in france and holland as a diplomatic role.
  • Analyzes how john adams' unsuccessful career in the whitehouse was attributed to his personality and behavior, but mostly it was his foreign policy.
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