Johann Gutenberg Made Books Possible

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“Yes, it is a press, certainly, but a press from which shall flow in inexhaustible streams, the most abundant and most marvelous liquor that has ever flowed to relieve the thirst of men! Through it, God will spread His Word. A spring of truth shall flow from it: like a new star it shall scatter the darkness of ignorance, and cause a light heretofore unknown to shine amongst men.” In this day with the technologies of eReaders and mobile everything, it is hard to imagine a world without books, or words in written form. However, none of this would be possible without the work of Johann Gutenberg. Johann is influential because he created the printing press, printed the Gutenberg Bible, and paved the way for modern day publishing. Johann Gutenberg created the printing press in the fifteenth century. Before this invention, works were hand written, which made them expensive and time consuming. Gutenberg used oil-based ink that could transfer easily from metal to paper, along with movable type. This invention made the mass-production of more affordable for the publisher and the reader. The press was made of metal that had letters carved onto the punches. These were then put into a copper blank. Gutenberg was a trained stonecutter, and did work with metal, which helped him in the development of the press. The press made information readily available and easily accessible to the population, which was not true before the press. Johann Gutenberg changed the world drastically with his creation of the printing press. (asme.org) Johann Gutenberg also changed the world of religion, by printing the Gutenberg Bible. The book was completed in 1455, and had used over three hundred pieces of type says www.asme.org. The book was mass produced, making it more available to people for reading, and was the first book to be mass produced on the press. The bible was printed in Latin in Germany, and it is thought that around 160-185 copies were published, of those, only 49 copies still exist, 21 of them actually being full copies. Most pages of the bible had 42 lines. The bible sold for approximately 300 shillings, or about $3.50 US dollars today. The bible seemed to sell out instantly, and these bibles ended up influencing many bibles to be created in the future. Most bibles were bought by monasteries and religious groups and used at communal readings.
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