explanatory Essay
726 words
726 words

Breast cancer, within the past decade, has grown tremendously in awareness. Whether through charity events or occasional commercials that promote awareness, most people do know about breast cancer. However, the knowledge of what breast cancer is, how it occurs, and the medical facts are not very well known. There are different genes that can cause cancer. These types of genes are called tumor suppressor genes. Tumor suppressor genes, when functioning properly, are supposed to regulate cell division (Menvielle, 2014). Other genes, such as proto-oncogenes, work within our DNA to code for specific proteins (Menvielle, 2014). When mutated, proto-oncogenes have too many receptors for cell division which cause cell division to occur to often (Menvielle, 2014). Two genes linked to breast cancer are BRCA1 and BRCA2. These two genes are tumor suppressor genes and their job is to repair DNA that has been damaged (National Cancer Institute, 2014). BRCA1 and BRCA2 are linked to breast cancer because BRCA1 is found in mostly within breast tissue and when they do not function properly cancer cells are able to form within the breast (Kluger and Park, 2013). The fear of having breast cancer is prevalent for many women. There are a few breast cancer risk factors that cannot be changed for women. Gender plays a role in risk. Women are far more likely to have breast cancer than men (U.S. National Library of Medicine, 2014). The inheritance of a mutated gene such as the BRCA1 or BRCA2 and women who received their period before the age of 12 have a greater risk. Inheritance of breast cancer is not the cause for most breast cancer patients (American Cancer Society, 2011). Some changeable lifestyle factors can attribute to breast cancer.... ... middle of paper ... ...% (Kluger and Park, 2013). This drop in risk percentages definitely display why her choice was beneficial. Also, there are reconstructive surgeries offered after a mastectomy (Kluger and Park, 2013). If a female family member of mine had an increase in breast cancer risk, I would first recommend that she and a doctor evaluate the cause of the increased risk. If it was lifestyle choices that were causing the risk, I would urge my female family member to change to a healthier lifestyle. This would include eating and drinking foods that help prevent risk such as fruit and vegetables (U.S. National Library of Medicine, 2014). If the risk became severe, I would recommend a mastectomy. Mastectomies reduce chances of breast cancer greatly (U.S. National Library of Medicine, 2014). These different options would reduce my female family member’s risk of breast cancer.

In this essay, the author

  • Explains that breast cancer has grown in awareness in the past decade. however, the knowledge of what it is, how it occurs, and the medical facts are not very well known.
  • Explains that the fear of having breast cancer is prevalent for many women. gender plays a role in risk.
  • Opines that genetic testing for the mutated brca gene is available through genetic material testing. however, there are a few cons to having the test.
  • Explains that angelina jolie advocated double mastectomy for women with severe breast cancer risks. the removal of both breasts was supported by most medical professionals.
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