Over the past few decades, there have been many political problems in Tibet. This can be attributed to the ongoing problem between Tibet and China. Tibet had previously, for many years, been faced with occupation by the forces of the People's Republic of China in their land. This was very alarming to many people, including the highly respected Dalai Lama of Tibet. The Dalai Lama has been a very influential person in Tibet's history and many of the decisions he has made have directly affected the outcome of certain situations pertaining to the relationship between Tibet and China.
Tibet was once a nation steeped in a rich religious culture that sought to spread Buddhism and happiness for all souls on earth. Today’s Tibetan Buddhist culture is merely a shadow of what it once was. Following the Chinese Communist invasion in 1950, Tibet went from what was once known as the “roof of the world” to being a region controlled by China. The Chinese government considers Tibet as a region they have held sovereignty over for centuries. However, the Dalai Lama refutes this claim and states that Tibet was independent of China and was colonized over time. Under China’s oppressive red thumb, the Tibetan people suffered starvation, exploitation, and the destruction of their culture. The Chinese government tried to secularize Tibet and forcefully push the state toward modernization at the cost of the Tibetan people. They raised crop yields as a result of the exploitation of their land, destroyed Tibetan monasteries and nunneries, killed many monks and nuns, and forced what survivors were left either into exile or to return back to their home villages. China states that they acknowledge the repression caused by the Chinese government and that they’re working toward helping Tibet to revive their Buddhist culture. However, today’s Tibetan monasteries have been reduced to mere tourist attractions for the Chinese government to make money off of unsuspecting tourists. Most Tibetan monks are forced to travel elsewhere to fully functioning monasteries in order to have the freedom to practice their religion. Despite Tibet’s cries for independence from Communist China, the international community has responded by not denying claims that Tibet is an autonomous region of China. As we go through the hardships that Tibetan culture had to ...
Before any of these questions can be answered though, one must first know the origin of the conflicts between the two regions as well as the history of the Free Tibetan Movement. As said above, Tibet used to be a place that not many people knew about. This made it much easier for the Chinese government to come in and take control of the people and the land without much protest from the outside world. In fact even if other countries, like bordering India, had known, not much would have been done. This is because no nation had ever recognized Tibet as an independent country. Rather, it was the events that followed which caused the uproar. According to defected citizens of Tibet that traveled to India and then dispersed throughout the world, the Chinese started a form of spiritual cleansing. Monks and spiritual leaders that would not follow their ground rules were detained, captured or killed. The lama's of the Tibetan people were either taken as political prisoners or exiled. However, there are also those that said that some of this never happened.
The issue is about China and Tibet, Should or shouldn’t Tibetan Exile Refugees change their peaceful approach toward China by appealing to sympathetic nations to militarily force China out of Tibet? During the 1600’s Tibet was a very powerful country and the Dalai Lama was introduced as the leader or Tibet. China controlled Tibet in the Early 1700’s. The British arrived in Tibet in 1904 to help them overcome China. They signed a treaty, and set up trading posts. China controlled Tibet until 1911, when Tibet kicked out Chinese troops. Even after 1911, China still claimed Tibet as an area within the Chinese domain. In the 1920’s the Dalai Lama and the Panchen Lama fought over political affairs. Panchen Lama left Tibet and went to China with his court and stayed there until he died in 1937. A new Panchen Lama was introduced in 1944, But wasn’t introduced to Tibet until 1949. The Dalai Lama died in 1933. A boy was introduced as his successor, according to the customs of Tibet. The boy was a peasant, who was officially introduced as the Dalai Lama in 1940. Communists took over China in 1949. In 1950 China entered Tibet. In 1951 Tibet signed a treaty with China saying that they surrender to the Chinese government, but still had the rights to regional self-government. In 1956 the Preparatory Committee for the Tibetan Autonomous region was made with the Dalai Lama as chairman, and the Panchen Lama and a Chinese general were the vice-chairman. The Committee was made...
As much as I would like to take a neutral approach to the Tibetan-Chinese issue, I am concerned it is simply impossible. I remember when I first read Patric French's “Tibet, Tibet. A personal history of a lost land”. I was in my dorm room up all night, shivers constantly running down my spine, from time to time tears running down the cheeks too, I have to confess. Back then I did not know what exactly was going on in this remote and mysterious country, apart from that it is under Chinese occupation and the people are looking for liberation.* But when I read the book I instantly empathized with the story of Tibet. This is probably due to the fact that Estonia, my home country, once was in a similar desperate situation, being succumbed to the power of the Eastern neighbor. Luckily for Estonia, she managed to gain independence from Russia in 1918 though it officially had belonged to the Russian Empire as the Governorate of Estonia since the end of the Great Northern War, 1721 by the treaty of Nystad. Thus, it is even more intriguing, why Tibet, which has never by any kind of treaty or agreement belonged to China1, is still under the foreign rule and has to struggle for independence?
The China-Tibet conflict is often viewed as an ethnic and/or religious conflict. This is understandable, given the prominence of ethnicity and religion in the conflict . Moreover, the Chinese government has a history of persecuting religious movements, especially those which draw large numbers of followers and which have the potential to transform into political movements that could potentially threaten the regime's hold on power. Tibetan Buddhism has this kind of following and transformative
Many Tibetans are arrested and put through such treatment with little to no evidence supporting them as criminals. In a sudden “clampdown” that started in February of 1992, groups of ten Chinese raided Tibetan homes in Lhasa arresting more than 200 people. Those arrested were said to be in possession of “subversive materials, such as photographs, and tapes or books containing speeches or teachings of the Dalai Lama” (Kumar, 77).
The Dalai Lama has a high religious status. Buddhism is the official religion of Tibet since the second half of the 18th century CE, and the Tibetan word Lama corresponds to the Indian word guru which means a religious teacher who ought to have the respect and devotion of his followers. as we have mentioned earlier Tibetan believe in in reincarnation so Buddha is associated with beings called Bodhisattvas that stays in the samsara circle to help other suffering beings, and based on this the Dalai Lama is associated with the popular Bodhisattva of compassion called Sanskrit Avalokiteshvara, known in Tibet as Chenresig, and this is the reason why people think he is a living Buddha. Now we shall come to his reputation as a god-king which portrays the political role of him, since the fifth Dalai Lama, he has been the head of the Tibetan state, he fulfilled a king role in the past even though he wasn’t considered a god but Bodhisattvas. The Dalai Lamas were the most powerful figures in Tibet before the Chinese incursions, but the powers they had were limited, their primary concern was to spread Buddhism and they had little involvement in the everyday lives of their people. Also, the fifth Dalai Lama has the reputation of a successful political who unified the country. Lately, the 14th Dalai Lama said that he has the right to retire from his role as political president and that Tibetan should be free to choose their next president. (Waterhouse, 2008, p.206-215). Finally, according to the Dalai Lama’s noble prize acceptance speech in 1989 he sees himself just a human being who happens to be Tibetan and choses to be “a monk and no one special”. He sees himself as a peaceful person and compassionate, he loves his
“The Communist have, for the past 50 years, imposed their revolution upon unwilling Tibetan peasants and nomads, and have ruled Tibet by threat, or often the actual use, of force. But force alone cannot, in the long-run sustain any illegitimate domination.”
Pan, Philip P. (2003). “Tibet Torn Between Tradition and China’s Bounty”. Washington Post, Edition F, Section A, Page A11. September 10, 2003. Global NewsBank (November 13, 2003).
"Unrest in Tibet Continues as Human Rights Violations Escalate." ProQuest. Targeted News Service, 10 Mar 2009. Web. 25 Oct 2013.
The year 1959 brought enormous changes to the life of Tenzin Gyatso, Tibet’s fourteenth Dalai Lama. At the age of fifteen, he was forced to assume political power as Tibet’s supreme temporal ruler. Although the Dalai Lama does not traditionally assume secular power until the age of eighteen, advances made by the Chinese Red Army forced him to ascend to this position prematurely. Needless to say, there was an immense amount of pressure on the teenaged boy: not only was he the religious leader of millions of Tibetans, he was now also their political leader as well. Furthermore, his previous experience with government and international affairs was extremely limited, and he himself did not feel prepared for the position despite the wishes of the people that he become king. When Tibet’s deteriorating situation forced him to furtively escape from Tibet into northern India, the Dalai Lama settled in Dharamsala where he established a government in exile that ruled over the Tibetan refugees. Despite countless obstacles and hardships the Dalai Lama has faced, he has handled his difficult situation admirably, developing a form of government new to Tibetans, one based on democratic ideals. Although not all of his ideas and actions have been received enthusiastically by all Tibetans, the past decades have proven that the government as developed by the Dalai Lama best suits the needs of the refugee Tibetans, as democracy best respects their rights and freedoms as individuals.
Since the initial warming of U.S.-China relations in the early 1970’s, policymakers have had difficulty balancing conflicting U.S. policy concerns in the People’s Republic of China. In the strange world of diplomacy between the two, nothing is predictable. From Nixon to Clinton, presidents have had to reconcile security and human rights concerns with the corporate desire for expanded economic relations between the two countries. Nixon established ties with Mao Zedong’s brutal regime in 1972. And today Clinton’s administration is trying to influence China’s course from within a close economic and diplomatic relationship.