However Nair and Lahiri are excellent in depicting the inner furies of women and their rising tone for emancipation and empowerment. One can say “Namesake “and “Mistress” are portraitures of Indian women who rebel against the tradition bound old mode of life. Anita Nair and Jhumpa Lahiri through their novels, “Mistress” and “Namesake” questions our hopeless certainty at our imagined knowledge of worldly wisdom, our false joy in unproductive routine of life, in short, our state of being. Anita Nair’s characters are so real and close to life. We do not find many who live a life advertised by existential philosophers.
This has been elaborately discussed in the preceding chapters. Psychologically woman needs man’s loving company and thus feminism cannot be anti-male. It is, however, believed that feminism must raise the ‘women question’ in all its aspects all the issues pertaining to the growth and grandeur of women. In the light of feminist critical theory, Anita Nair’s novels can be examined as the manifesto of female predicament. The novels of both Anita Nair and Jhumpa L... ... middle of paper ... ...r national, racial, religious and socio-cultural differences.
They had many restrictions placed on them and often weren’t even allowed to walk outside without proper accompaniment. Because the expectations placed on women were so rigid and absurd, some feminist authors from the time ridiculed these social standards in their writing. Famous novelist Jane Austen was known for satirizing many social customs of the Regency Period in her romantic fiction novels, placing a special emphasis on women’s rights. Pride and Prejudice in particular depicted protagonist Elizabeth Bennet as a smart, headstrong, free thinking individual who didn’t let negative outside forces sway her beliefs. In Pride and Prejudice, Austen challenges the social propriety and creates her own ideals for women through Elizabeth Bennet’s independence, intelligence, and stron... ... middle of paper ... ...stantly trying to be agreeable and passive and allowed her to speak her mind and act upon her values.
“Isolation allow[ed]the heroine’s self-development, but it impede[ed] her romantic yearning to be thoroughly lost in love.”4 Yet, due to the hardships she faced in her romance Bronte still saw the need for separation from her beloved as did Eyre from Rochester and Francis from Crimsworth. Although it was hard for the author to leave her happiness, her frustrations were expressed in Jane Eyre: “I grieve to leave Thornfield . . . I love it, because I have lived in it a full and delightful life.
With an author ahead of her time, Kate Chopin challenged the ideas of how women should be seen socially. Chopin frankly portrays women as emotional, intelligent and sexual beings. While it might seem that Chopin offers positive examples of female characters, in actuality they are complicated, messy and ultimately negative. All of her main female character seem to experience self-awareness, something very important at that time period because while women had feelings and thoughts, they weren't recognized by society, these feelings of independence and discovery are often temporary, still bound to social limitations. In some cases, it requires the Chopin brings attention to women's internal struggles with themselves and who they are told to be in a society that dismisses female autonomy, she doesn't do anything to solve or change them.
At the beginning of the century, for example, many women were influenced by the writings of Mary Astell and thus believed that marriage itself was a problem to be avoided. Other women rejected the notions of Astell and longed for companionship, although their reasoning differed. Mary Chudleigh’s “The Resolve” provides the reader with a poet inclined to agree with Astell to a large extent, if not entirely. Chudleigh seeks to avoid companionship and instead pursue reason and virtue. In fact, throughout the poem Chudleigh never even mentions companionship as something she is pursuing.
Her most notorious, profound, and controversial writing was the play Trifles, which is equaled only in magnitude and weightiness by the novel Fidelity. Glaspell use of sympathetic female characters was a brilliant way to advocate contemporary feminist issues. After leaving the work place she returned home to focus solely on her writings. Glaspell “grew restless with the numerous restrictions on women and became inspirited by the avant-grade social, political, and cultural movements happening in the United States and Europe.” (Carpentier) While she was resentful of the way woman were treated, she was not propelled into the light until she met George Cram Cook. The moment she met him until the day of his death; he was the most profound influence on her life.
Women are depicted either as docile servants to men, like Nel, or ball-busting feminist monsters like Sula. The hidden aspect of the novel lies underneath these stereotypical surface roles, in the incomprehensible and almost inappropriate bond of the two women. In the final scene of Sula, Nel comes to the realization that the emptiness inside her is due to the loss of Sula, not Jude (Morrison 174). Her friendship with Sula is all that matters. The development of a feminist reading from the perspective of Gilbert and Gubar... ... middle of paper ... ... but instead reunites the two women's spirits.
She was sensible and clever; but eager in everything; her sorrows, her joys, could have no moderation. She was generous, amiable, interesting: she was everything but prudent.”(1.V) This is a good introduction because it encapsulates much of what is evaluated in Marianne throughout the novel. First, the two sisters are compared and contrasted for the similarities and differences in their demeanor, values, self -control and interactions in society and various relationships. Then, in Marianne alone, there is a clear lack of balance between the sense and sensibility of her actions and feelings. Finally, her judgment... ... middle of paper ... ...ves; and her whole heart became, in time, as much devoted to her husband, as it had once been to Willoughby.” (203.III.
I believe that each and every woman possesses the qualities like ‘the empowered woman’ in Carroll’s poem. Through my essay, I’d like to show how females in both the plays, during the adversities and extremities of time, evolve into empowered women. I believe that the idea of female empowerment, through these characters, inspires fellow women to make names for themselves rather than being labeled or controlled by men. Over the centuries, writers have used literature to show the societal status and the mind sets of the people in their era. ‘Antigone’, a Greek tragedy, and ‘A Doll’s House’, a highly controversial drama, inhibit the same thematic approach, depicting the oppression and submissiveness of women in male-dominated society and how they overcome their obstacles with firm will, inspiring millions of audiences from then till now.