21. Ibid., 42, 254. 22. Ibid., 50, 36. 23.
Hilberg, Raul. “Two Thousand Years of Jewish Appeasement.” In The Holocaust, edited by Donald L. Niewyk, 114-120. Lexington: D.C. Heath and Company, 1992. Krakowski, Shmuel. “The Warsaw Ghetto Uprising.” In The Holocaust, edited by Donald L. Niewyk, 145-159.
Rather, they were the victims of Germany's attempt cleanse Europe of its Jewish population, a plan Hitler called the "Endlosung" or the Final Solution. Anti-Semitism has existed for centuries in Europe. It was apparent throughout the Middle ages, the intensity varied from country to country. In the ninetieth century the Jews in imperial Russia and Hungary were terrorized by government sanctioned riots and beatings called "pogroms." This Anti-Semitism was based not only on religion but also on economic factors such as wealth and power.