Jean Piaget 's Theory Of Cognitive Development

1301 Words6 Pages
According to Sigelman & Rider (2012), Justin at the age of 2 was still in Jean Piaget’s sensorimotor stage of cognitive development and had been diagnosed with "static encephalopathy," acute brain damage of an unidentified source. He was very developmentally behind and incapable of walking or speaking just a few words by the time the bulk of kids were proactively searching out toddlers who have started to communicate in sentences. Also, children such as Justin who have been deprived of obtaining adequate love, care and personal attention certainly have noticeably smaller head proportions and smaller brains. Justin technically falls into Jean Piaget’s preoperational stage of cognitive development currently, though he is developmentally delayed. Within the scope of this stage, Justin clearly cannot accept others’ viewpoints. This can be seen in his rebellion, objection and resistance towards the staff of the facility he was in. Looking at Justin and where he is within the framework of Piaget’s constructivism position, due to the experiences that Justin had, Justin formed his own interpretations of the world around him, which was drawn from being abandoned and left by his young mother and deceased grandmother to be raised for his first five years by a man who treated him like a dog. Justin began progressing and though things were looking a bit unpromising, it became apparent that with the direction and inspiration he received from a therapist, Justin began developing abilities and proficiencies within what Vygotsky named the zone of proximal development. Justin learned by means of guided participation, becoming more comfortable with people and interactive as he partook in various activities facilitated by the knowledgeable therapis... ... middle of paper ... ...and encouraged by the reading. I learned that genes and the environment interact with each other and it is this combined effect that determines the maturity and growth of a person, but also that regardless of what a person may have endured throughout their lives or the genes they have inherited, at whatever point they decide to and/or have access, a change in their environment can change the way that their genes are expressed. In my future interactions with children, I will apply what I have learned by having compassion on them and expressing understanding regardless of what the situation may appear to be outwardly and I will do my best to maintain an optimistic attitude and approach when interacting with them in order to increase and maximize the chances and likelihood of them being overcomers throughout everything they must endure throughout their childhoods.
Open Document