Jean-François Millet And The Realist Movement In The 19th Century

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The 19th century french artists, Jean-François Millet, Honoré Daumier, and Gustave Courbet were all revolutionary for their time. They each had their own unique style, set the precedent for artists to come, and were not afraid to go against tradition. During this time period in France, new artistic and literary movements emerged while the country struggled with revolution. During this time period in France there were many artists some claim to be equally revolutionary such as Manet who were setting their own standards in the art world. Jean-François Millet founded an artistic school in France and became known for his Realism paintings and clumpy style of painting. Honoré Daumier both painted and sculpted, yet was famous for caricatures of influential figures of that time period. Gustave Courbet made bold social statements through his works and was best know for leading the Realist movement. At this point in France, artists were trying to revolutionize art in their own fashion. Monet a extremely well know French painter tried to do just that. Critics claimed Monet was “a head of his time”, yet he sought to be loved by both the public and critics a like. He painted the first truly naked women, not a Goddess or a nymph. At this point this was revolutionary, yet he was unwilling to take it further. Manet was concerned with his popularity and needed to take time to think weather or not to display such a painting. Monet lacked the willingness to go against public opinion, dive into the revolutionary mindset, ignore social commentary and paint something different and new. Daumier, Millet and Courbet and had this quality are therefore were revolutionary.1 Millet’s very unique style which was far ahead of his time and his diversity of ... ... middle of paper ... ...ely on the nature. The sky is almost completely excluded and the waterfall takes up the majority of the canvass. The people in this painting are barely visible. This demonstrates the emphasis Courbet puts on nature and the scenery. This painting also show cases Courbet’s use of his knife demonstrated in the foliage.16 Courbet was also famous for his nudity and was increasing interested in lesbianism, a subject not get exploded in painting. These drawing were often not well like and considered offensive for indecency. Courbet also occasionally included body hair in these nude painting, a realistic change to display the truth which was never done before.17 Courbet was also known for his public image in France at this time. He turned artists into celebrities and became an extremely influential figure.18 With his influence in France he displayed his political opinion.19

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