Some people may believe that education all over the United States is equal. These people also believe that all students no matter their location, socioeconomic status, and race have the same access and quality of education, but ultimately they are wrong. Throughout history, there has been a huge educational disparity between the wealthy and marginalized communities. The academic essay “Social Class and the Hidden Curriculum of Work” by Jean Anyon, an American critical thinker and researcher in education, conveys that depending on the different economic backgrounds students have, they will be taught in a specific way. He reveals that the lower economic background a child has then the lower quality their education will be and the higher their economic background is the higher quality their education is. Anyon’s theory of a social ladder is extremely useful because it sheds light on the
The essays by Jean Anyon and Jonathan Kozol explore the idea of education not being equal for everyone across the United States. For example, Jean Anyon discusses the idea of a "hidden curriculum". The hidden curriculum that her essay describes implies that the information taught and the way it is taught differs among schools of varying socioeconomic backgrounds. She and her team visited five different schools in New Jersey, with the schools being classified into working class, middle class, affluent-professional, and elite (Anyon 165-6). She then observed the classes and the way they are taught. This brought to light the differences between the way children
While social class may have some effect on how one may view schooling and formal education, it would not be fair to say that growing up or being in a lower class living situation depreciates the value that one has for school. In many instances, it is assumed that because a person comes from a lower-class background that not only are their values for school lower, than those of higher class, but their education levels and ability to handle and process situations are placed on a lower level as well. While these are indeed horrific stereotypes and generalizations, the idea is perpetuated throughout, primarily, Western culture. It is just simply illogical to believe that one 's education will be taken for granted due to their socio-economic class
Social class can be defined in a variety of ways. As Alexander Hamilton once said, “all communities divide themselves into the few and the many”. To elaborate on Hamilton’s words, social class is what divides society into different rankings based on several factors. Amongst these factors are income, wealth, occupation, personal prestige, association, socialization, power, class consciousness and social mobility. As a result, these are the factors that define us as human beings in regards to society. A person’s well being is overall, heavily dependent upon this system of stratification in that it helps decide who gets what and the quality of the things that a person is receiving. This concept is defined as life chances developed by sociologist
The school system is part of the stratification system of America thus it is a piece of social machinery which tests the abilities of the individuals, wish sifts them, selects, them, and decides their prospective social positions. This structure (educational system) is disposed to the reproduction of the structure of power relationships and symbolic relationships between classes, by contributing to the reproduction of the structure of distribution of cultural capital among these classes. Schools are not socially neutral institutions but reflect the experiences of the “dominant class”, for example children from this class enter school with key social and cultural cues, while working class and lower class students must acquire the knowledge and skills to negotiate their educational experience after they enter school. These students from the lower middle class can never achieve the natural familiarity of those born to these classes and are academically penalized on this basis. Social transmission of privilege is itself legitimized because differences in academic achievement are normally explained by differences in ability rather than by cultural resources transmitted by the family thus academic standards are not seen as handicapping lower class...
Social class is a determinant used to define where a family stands in terms of salary and socioeconomic status. However, it is used to determine what will be offered to the family, for example, the type of school that each child will attend. But what it does not determine is the success of that student’s education attainment. Money can buy a college education yet, it will not buy literacy.
Daniel Rossides asserts that a child 's class origin is strongly and directly related to all forms of academic achievement. He continues to say that one 's social class affects all aspects of education, such as regularity of attendance, regular promotion in grade, participation in clubs etc. Lower-class children are more likely to miss school often and fail classes because of illness, lack of financial resources and motivation from absent full-time working parents. Overall, one 's social background plays a large role in one 's life opportunities and successes, and the United States will never be a pure meritocracy until social backgrounds no longer advantage some and disadvantage others.
Furthermore, Chapter 15 begins to explain educational inequality. In the United States, education is available but not to every child in the same way. Different social-classes means different schools, instructions, criteria, rates, and times. In addition to class differences, races and ethnics unfortunately play a role in educational achievement. For example, in general, African Americans, Latino/a’s, and Native Americans usually do worse in school than white or Asian American students
Why do children graduate high school without fully understanding concepts that relate to the core subjects of Math, English, Science, and History? Because education is unequal in America. Sociologist Doctor James W. Loewen and award winning writer Jonathan Kozol agree that classism is to blame. Loewen also believes that history textbooks take some of the blame for the student’s ignorance of inequality within education, while Kozol believes it is ignorance from well educated people that are two blame. Although Loewen and Kozol are correct in citing classism as a problem in the education system, little is acknowledged about a solution.
“Unteaching the Five Paragraph Essay” by Marie Foley demonstrates how a five paragraph essay formula disturbs the thought process of the students and limits what they can write. A five paragraph essay is an introduction with the main idea, with three supporting topics showing the relationship to the main idea, and a conclusion summarizing the entire essay. Foley argues that this formula forces students to fill in the blank and meet a certain a word limit. She noted that this formula was intended for teachers in the education system to teach an overcrowded class how to write. While it is beneficial for the first-time students learning how to write. In the long run, this standard destroys any free style writing, new connections between a topic,
Within her essay, “Social Class and the Hidden Curriculum of Work”, Jean Anyon observes how the school systems are organized by the capital of it’s social classes, a hierarchy of industry. Subsequently, guiding Anyon to categorize her observations into four distinctive types of schools; working-class, middle-class, affluent professional, and executive elite. Each one, having a set of intricately lined methods as is to how their facilitators are to channel student’s cognition in regards to the perceptions of the manufactures. Subsequently, leading Anyon to conceive that the instutions amongst the social classes is economically selective about whom, and what, an individual will become. They divide them into colonies; spaces where obedience fuels control, and the limitations of a social class
The article “From Social Class and The Hidden Curriculum of Work” was very interesting to read. However, I find the article to have many fallacies. The difference or unbalance between poor and rich will always exist. Although people are not determined by their economic status. The article reminded me the times where I attended Russian school. The teachers had the full control over the student. Students in Russia generally had one task to follow and it is the task given by the teacher. They will be judged and treated based on their economic status. The part that rich students attend better schools is true due to the corruption involved in society. Corruption is a major problem in society that mistreats people based on their income. However,
Meadmore, D, 2004, How do social class and education make the great divide, in eds, Burnett, B, Meadmore & Tait, G, New Questions for Contempoary teachers, Pearson Education