New Orleans flourished with Creole traditions; creole is a person who is French and African American descent. Nonetheless, New Orleans revolutionized jazz music and its lifestyle. During the time period, New Orleans was a melting pot of races and religions; however, it united many European immigrants and blacks to create untraditional music. The society was chaotic, due to great change after the civil war, but the birth of jazz played a big role in shaping up America. New Orleans was different, it was not New York City.
Jazz music is a blending of both black and white tradition and heritages. New Orleans was the center of many different ethnicities, such as French, Spanish, American, and African American, which resulted in a city with a unique blend of individuals. New Orleans became a significant center of culture in the mid to late 1800’s. It is believed that jazz was largely influenced from African slaves who were brought over in the 1800’s, who did not have their native instruments, had to make due with what they could find in their new home of the southern United States. On arrival in America, they were exposed to western musical styles that include harmonies, tonal sounds, along with unique beats and rhythms.
The popularity of jazz in America is attributed to the various styles, which are indicative of specific time periods. Jazz has been popular since around the late 1800s. Ragtime was the first form of jazz. It was developed in the 1890s in Louisiana (Jazz Styles 2000). Jazz is said to be the fundamental rhythms of human life and man's contemporary reassessment of his traditional values.
“Jazz is the only pure American creation, which shortly after its birth, became America’s most important cultural export”(Ostendorf, 165). It evolved from the blues In the formally standardized, instrumentally accompanied form of “city blues”(as opposed the formally unstandardized and earlier “country blues”), the blues was to become one of the two major foundations of 1920s jazz (the other being rags). City blues tended to be strophic songs with a text typically based on two-lin... ... middle of paper ... ...al idiosyncrasies perhaps as well as written prose can”(Pici). Morrison took on “new tasks and new risks” but it was worth doing so, as ”the result is a writing style that has a unique mix of the musical, the magical, and the historical.”(www.enotes.com/jazz/) Works Cited: Andrews, John. (1998).
“Jazz was born out of the cultural experience of African Americans and can be traced in a direct line to the slave songs of the plantations through the Negro Spirituals, Ragtime, and the Blues”("Jazz Musicians as Cultural Intermediaries”).The 18th Amendment, or the ban of alcohol also fueled new opportunities for jazz to begin. (Tirro, Frank) Not only is it nearly impossible to pinpoint jazz’s conception in time, many locations are accredited with its origin, the United States allowed for jazz to start gaining popularity and leading into the change it had to the music scene. When jazz is brought up, many first think of its birth place being New Orleans, Louisiana. New Orleans has always been a big musi... ... middle of paper ... ...re are still people who enjoy listening to jazz and musicians that strive to learn the genre. In conclusion, the evidence is overwhelming that jazz has left a large impact on American culture.
Jazz is not just music, it was a way for people to express themselves and their emotions. It also had a part in fashion and poetry. “Jazzy clothing” and “jazzy poems” also arose. Jazz was unique because it broke many social and musical rules. Instead of the regular and usual structure, jazz would be improvised by the musician.
The first true virtuoso soloist of jazz, Louie Armstrong was a dazzling improviser, technically, emotionally, and intellectually. Armstrong, often called the "father of jazz," always spoke with deference, bordering on awe, of his musical roots, and with especial devotion of his mentor Joe Oliver. He changed the format of jazz by bringing the soloist to the forefront, and in his recording groups, the Hot Five and the Hot seven, demonstrated that jazz improvisation could go far beyond simply ornamenting the melody. Armstrong was one of the first jazz musicians to refine a rhythmic conception that abandoned the stiffness of ragtime, employed swing light-note patterns, and he used a technique called "rhythmic displacement." Rhythmic displacement was sometimes staggering the placement of an entire phrase, as though he were playing behind the beat.
It is said that American music is Jazz. My studies revealed to me that Jazz is an African American creation which started in the south of the United States. The name Jazz was given in 1917 and it is said that this name originated from different sources including a whorehouse in New Orleans. Jazz has its roots in several types of music including West Africa, Nigeria and Ghana. Jazz was originally dance music but became listening music after the forties.
The popularity of jazz all of a sudden diminished, but it continues to define and give shape to American culture. Many people do not realize its significance. Jazz has developed from the mix of African and European music. The rhythm patterns, articulation, staggered entry, and percussion enrichment are some of the contributions that African music made to jazz. This is why African-Americans have been called the pioneers of jazz.
Claude McKay helped to launch the burst of creative energy that was the Harlem Renaissance. Also Langston Hughes a leader of the Harlem Renaissance famously published, “Negro was in vogue” which mean, “Harlem was in vogue” as a sign of gaining popularity and becoming a mainstream for jazz and poetry. At twenty-two years of age in 1924 he had gone to Paris seeking a freedom he could not find at home. Langston Hughes was one of the many African American who had been drawn to Paris by reports of black soldiers who had served in the World War I; in so call Negro division like the 92nd and 93rd infantries. And soon he was writing poems inspired by Jazz rhythms he was hearing played by the African American bands in the clubs where worked as a busboy and dishwasher.