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Three Cities and Their Jazz Jazz is an American genre that developed from ragtime and blues in the early twentieth century in urban areas of the U.S. This genre is characterized by strong, prominent meter, improvisation, distinctive tone colors, and performance techniques. The development of Jazz made a postive, lasting impact after World War One ended. It became a way of bringing young people together. Jazz became the basis for most social dance music and provided one of the first opportunities for public integration. Subcultures like the gangs of New York and Chicago encouraged the subjugation of the black artists to the white man’s economic and social power, often resulting in gang leaders having complete control over “plantations” of black musicians trying to succeed (Travis 43). The peak of the Jazz age happened in the 1920s. This genre of music is still important to us today because it represents the contribution of music from slaves brought here from Africa. “Jazz is … an open-ended music design for open minds.” (Kelman 57). Whites would form in large groups at Jazz performances and didn’t care to tell the difference while holding prejudice against blacks, this prevented Jazz music from being played on the radio. Many Americans thought too much of a change was happening during this period and they would loose control over the youths and the white supremacy of their country. “Jazz does not belong to one race or culture, but is a gift that America has given the world” (Kelman 56). Jazz was born about 100 years ago in New Orleans. New Orleans style had four major types of Jazz: Boogie-Woogie, Chicago Jazz, Urban Blues, and Society Dance Bands. The earliest form was known as Dixieland, which could also ... ... middle of paper ... ...er, Lil Hardin Armstrong, a pianist who was originally a member of King Oliver’s band, and Bessie Smith, an African-American blues singer who inspired women like Billie Holiday and Janis Joplin. Although women were also making a difference in the Jazz industry, it wasn’t until the 1930s when they were recongnized as successful artists in the music world. Jazz became popular during the 1920s and was developed from Blues and Ragtime. The 1920s was nicknamed The Roaring Twenties or the Jazz age because it was a time where many traditonal moral standards were not followed and people indulged in new danicng and dressing styles. Jazz is still important to us today but according to Nielsen‘s 2014 Year-End Report, jazz is continuing to fall out of favor with American listeners and has tied with classical music as the least-consumed music in the U.S., after children’s music.

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