In the Odyssey, a hero is perhaps one who undergoes life with anguish and suffering but manages to stay alive using his quality of intelligence and craftiness rather than relying on strength alone and die with great kleos but in a young age. Metis, a Greek term meaning cunning, intelligence, and proficiency with speech, is demonstrated through Odysseus’s many exploits and presents him as a distinctive hero 2 differing from others who simply use their brute strength to overcome their tasks. Books 9 to 12 are probably the most famous part of the Odyssey. The stories in these books are recounted as fantasy and flashbacks by Odysseus to the Phaeacians. The wanderings of Odysseus not only seem to give the readers knowledge about... ... middle of paper ... ...nderings through Book 9 to 12 without divine favors and eloquent flow of words simply enhance the idea of metis inherent in this attribute.
Both great Greek heroes are similar in many ways but also very different in early life and accomplishments. Although Jason and Hercules were brave and achieved many dangerous tasks, their tasks were different in that Jason had to retrieve the Golden Fleece from the King of Colchis while Hercules had to complete several different labors to rid his sins from the murder of his family. Hercules and Jason are magnificent heroes in Greek mythology and they will be forever
Without them, Aeneas would not be the hero he is. This gift does not come without a price, though; he must endure the things heroes endure to become what they are. Despite his accomplishments and the glory associated with his life, Aeneas only achieves the status of hero through divine intervention, and this god-given position causes him just as much grief as it does splendor. Aeneas is the son of Venus. This fact alone brings about much of the hero in him.
In this paper I will highlight the life of both of these two leaders of the Greek and Trojans in this epic the Iliad. Also a little will be shed of how Homer portrays the characters deeper then an average thought. I will attempt to show the complexity of his thought process in forming the climax of these two characters coming to battle. Hector, one of the noblest characters painted by heathen antiquity in the epic of the Iliad by Homer. He felt, from the first, a presentiment of the fall of his country, but still persevered in his heroic resistance.
Odysseus, the King of Ithaca, meets these traits and is considered a prime example of an epic hero. His story is told in Homer’s The Odyssey and The Iliad. However, Odysseus’s journey sets him apart from other epic heroes. Most heroes follow the hero’s journey, in which a hero begins in the ordinary world, is called to destiny, crosses the threshold, defeats obstacles, receives help, defeats the undefeatable, and then returns home. Odysseus does not strictly follow this typical structure because his return home is one of the biggest challenges of all.
Also, and epic hero is also usually selfless, a leader, and honorable. These are just a few of the specific qualities that an epic hero must possess in order to be epic. Another characteristic that any epic hero has is their very own tragic flaw. Anyone can be a hero, but it takes much more to be considered an epic hero. Some epic heroes from several different texts that will be analyzed will be Achilles from The Iliad, Odysseus from The Odyssey, Aeneas from The Aeneid, Socrates from The Republic, Gilgamesh from The Epic of Gilgamesh, Beowulf from Beowulf, and King Arthur from Morte D’Arthur.
Beowulf has many characteristics of a hero but he also has some defects that make me think that he wouldn’t be considered a hero in today´s world. A hero concept evolves with a culture, Beowulf has many things that the Anglo-Saxons viewed as heroism but he misses many things that are important for a modern hero. A hero has to go in a journey. He has to struggle throughout the story to grow as a character. They generally triumph at the story´s conclusion.
For instance, Achilles possesses powers such as mighty strength and has a very close relationship with many of the Gods. These impressive qualities may deceive most people into believing that he should be considered the hero in this epic, but there are other, less attractive, qualities lurking beneath the surface of his handsome façade. His true motives and flaws are far less attractive and charming than he is. In an article titled “Hector, the Real Hero of the Iliad?”, Clint Perry states, “Although Hector is one whose native element is found not in war but peace and not in his own personal glory, but that of his people, Achilles identity is fundamentally found in his warrior mentality and his deep desire for himself to be glorified through victory in war.” This statement shows Achilles’s true motives for fighting. For example, in the story “The Iliad” Achilles ends up abandoning his fellow soldiers and even prays that they will die just because he was wronged by Agamemnon.
Unlike the usual tragic hero, Achilles is able to change, reverse his downfall, and actually prove himself as a true hero. The first requirement of Aristotle's tragic hero is that they are more admirable than the average character. Achilles meets this requirement because of his ability on the battlefield. In The Iliad, the background to the story is the war between the Greeks and the Trojans. This background is not only the basis for the story overall, but is also the basis for Achilles' own story.
A person will typically think a hero as one who is equipped with great strength or ability. But a hero is more than just being brave or strong. In the epic poem The Odyssey by Homer, Odysseus goes through many challenges and is faced with his biggest weakness: his hubris or excessive pride. Though, Odysseus earns the title of a hero because he exhibits courage, utilizes cunning, and overcomes his hubris. To begin with, Odysseus deserves to be called a hero because his courage is necessary for his survival.