United States was not expecting such an event; it was such an unannounced attack on the naval base in Pearl Harbor, Hawaii. That unexpected attack on December 7, 1941 was originally just a preventive effort for keeping the US from interfering with military action the Empire of Japan was planning in Southeast Asia. Japan wanted to cripple the pacific fleet so they wouldn’t foil their plan to create a defense perimeter in the Southwest Pacific. Japanese aircraft launched two aerial attack waves sinking four US Navy battleships and damaging two other battleships. The attacks also led to a high number of deaths.
They decided to launch a sneak attack on Pearl Harbor knowing that by destroying America’s Pacific fleet, the U.S. would not be able to fight back, and they would have to surrender. In the months before the attack on United States bases in the Pacific, the young Japanese men trained rigorously for service in their country’s air forces. Several factors prevented the American command from ant... ... middle of paper ... ... at all. Soon after the surprise attack, on September 8, President Roosevelt asked Congress for a declaration of war. They agreed with an overwhelming vote for war, and Roosevelt soon addressed America: “Yesterday, December 7, 1941, a date which will live in infamy, the United States of America was suddenly attacked by naval and air forces of the empire of Japan.” Three days later, Germany and Italy declared war on the U.S., and the U.S. declared war on Italy and Germany.
Decision for the Attack on Pearl Harbor The relationship between these two nations didn’t help with the attack on Pearl Harbor. The attack on Pearl Harbor can be seen as a surprised to the public and the American citizen. But if one were too closely look at the two nations over the years leading to the attack, one can see the cracks and loss of communications between the two countries. Japan who was a country that needed and lack natural sources saw the only opportunity that they had to survive and obtain democracy freedom was to expand to obtain those sources of energy from other nations. With the cut off of the trade embargo Japan was pushed too a wall their oil supply was running low and the only option they had was to go into war.
President Roosevelt hoped that these sanctions that the United States put on Japan would lead them to making the mistake of declaring war on the United States (which would also bring Italy and Germany into the attack too since they were all allied) the reason why Rooseve... ... middle of paper ... ..., 1986. Print. Trefousse, Hans L. What Happened at Pearl Harbor? Documents Pertaining to the Japanese Attack of December 7, 1941, and Its Background. New York: Twayne, 1958.
This angered the Japanese government, causing dangerous tension between the two countries as Japan were in a difficult situation and were now willing to attack the Americans. The rejections of proposals in September 1941 led to Japan confirming the decision for war on the 26th of November. In the end Japan was driven to war by the fact that the military had control of the country. The army thought that an attack on Pearl Harbour would prove vital if they were to become equally as powerful as America and have a fighting chance in the war which had seemed inevitable for a long time.
Military bases with thousands of U.S. troops were stationed on these islands. The Japanese predicted it was only a matter of time before America would enter the war. Therefore, decided that a surprise was their best weapon against the United States. Japan’s attack on Pearl Harbor was a huge tragedy to the U.S., and caused the U.S. to enter into WWII, but brought more consequences to Japan than could ever be
The attack on Pearl Harbor was a surprise, but Japan and the United States had been edging toward war for decades. The United States was unhappy with Japan’s increasingly terrible attitude toward China. The Japanese government believed that the only way to solve its problems was to expand into China and take over its import market; as a result, Japan had declared war on China in 1937. American officials responded to this aggression with economic sanctions and trade embargoes. They argued that without access to money and goods, and especially essential supplies like oil, Japan would have to take over its expansionism.
(“Pearl Harbor Attack.”) Although Pearl Harbor was the main naval base to be attacked on December 7th 1941, it was not the only base attacked, the Japanese government launched an attack against Malaya, and Japanese forces also attacked Hong Kong, Guam, the Philippine Islands, Wake Island and Midway Island. (Rose 213-215). The Japanese attacking these islands were important because they were allies to the United States and also if Japan was to take over these islands they would have a lot of control of the Pacific and of course the United States didn’t want this to happen. So the Americans knew that they didn’t have many options other than engaging into war with Japan, which lead to the United States joining World War II.
The Japanese Government responded by stoping the issuing of passports to contract laborers going to America even if the American employers wanted them and promised employment. (Hoyt 37) The American Federation of Labor struggled to pass Anti- Japanese laws. The press had a field day with the headlines causing the country to become racist against the Japanese. The headlines were not only insulting but also untrue. Finally President Roosevelt intervened and put an end to segregation in exchange for the Gentleman’s Agreement, the United States government agreed to ... ... middle of paper ... ...ater released, “ In various aspects the empire is losing materials: that is , we are getting weaker.
Negotiations to solve their differences hadn't been going well and rather than give in to U.S. demands, the Japanese decided to launch a surprise attack against the United States. They wanted to make sure that the United States would not interfere and to show their strength. In response to the attack on Pearl Harbor, the president asked Congress to declare that a state of war between the United States of America and the Empire of Japan. President Roosev... ... middle of paper ... ... years of war with the Japanese. Two battles, the Midway battle and Iwo Jima highlighted the determination of the Empire of Japan to continue their Southeast Asian pursuits and the cost the wars on the United States.