Japan has been at a crossroads regarding its defense policies ever since the instatement of Article 9 into its constitution following World War II. Article 9 essentially states that the country may not rearm itself for any reason due to its violently imperialistic nature preceding that war. Even while it was being written, there was heavy debate among American and Japanese politicians alike as to whether or not the article may ever be revoked. Could Japan truly remain a pacifist nation? Would it always be a welfare state under the U.S. government?
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