On December 7 1941 Japan attacked Pearl Harbor in Hawaii. After the attack there government took all Japanese owned boats, radios, and cameras. After the public pressured the government, and they took action and the government moved all Japanese from a 100 mile wide security strip along the B.C. coast. Later the government gave a further statement that declared that all people of Japanese origin were considered aliens until the end of World War II.
On December 7, 1941, Japan attacked Pearl Harbor, in Hawaii. They destroyed seven American battleships, and 121 aircraft, and killed 2,400 people. After the attack on Pearl Harbor President Roosevelt sent out a telegram letting everyone know what was happening and it stated “Washington, Dec. 7 (AP)-President Roosevelt said in a statement today that the Japanese had attacked Pearl Harbor, Hawaii, from the air. The Attack of the Japanese also made on all naval and military “activities” on the island of Oahu.” The President’s brief statement was read to reporters by Stephen Early, presidential secretary. No further details were given immediately.
• “On February 19,1942, President Roosevelt signed executive order 9066, authorizing the Army to remove Japanese American and place them in designated military areas.”2 Many Families were given little notice, and the camps were far away from their homes so they had to leave all their personal belongings behind. • “110,000 Japanese were sent to internment camps under executive order 9066, 2/3 of which who were American Citizens.”2 The Japanese were stripped of their rights and privileges shared with by American citizens. • The Japanese American internment was the American concentration camp during WWII. Where were the relocation camps? • “Across the West Coast, there were 10 relocation camps in all.”3 Originally rural, less populated areas, these camps were built up and became among the largest towns in their area.
Barabara ni naru Civilian Exclusion Order No. 79 Effective Friday 22 May 1942 On this fateful day the evacuation of 100,000(+) Japanese immigrants and Japanese American citizens during World War II were forced into incarceration (internment compounds). These compounds were placed inland throughout the Western United States. The Japanese peoples of the greater Seattle and Puget Sound areas were forced to leave their homes, schools, temples (and churches), and shut down family businesses in Seattle’s Nihonmachi (Japantown) community area. In the basement of the “Panama Hotel”, at the corner of sixth and main street, a time capsule of eight days of diaspora that scattered Japanese American Heritage exsists.
The internment of Japanese and Japanese Americans was a disgrace to America. After the December 7, 1941 attack on Pearl Harbor by Imperial Japan, military and political leaders in the United States began to suspect a full scale attack on the West Coast. This was due to the fact that Japan had lead a massive campaign through parts of Asia and the Pacific from 1936 to 1942. At first American opinions favored Japanese immigrants and their children believing that their loyalties to the U.S. would never falter. However, six weeks after the attack on Pearl Harbor many Americans became concerned about the loyalties of people who were ethnically Japanese.
The Japanese government was further outraged when the United States stopped all trade with Japan. Japan was naturally low on necessary resources like oil and coal, and they saw that move as a threat to the nation’s survival. Japan sought revenge on the United States and with great precision and care, they created a plan. General Yamamoto sent a surprise bombing on the United States fleet in Pearl Harbor December 7, 1941 at 8:00 AM. This bombing caused nearly 23 ships to be damaged or sunken.
The racial conflict with Japanese-Americans began when the Empire of Japan attacked Pearl Harbor. On December 7, 1941, the Empire of Japan launched a surprise attack on Pearl Harbor, a military naval base located in the state of Hawaii. “Behind them they left chaos, 2,403 dead, 188 destroyed planes, and a crippled Pacific Fleet that included 8 damaged or destroyed battleships” (“Attack” 1). The next day, President Franklin D. Roosevelt declared war on the Empire of Japan. The fear that resulted from the attack on Pearl Harbor caused many white Americans to hate the Japanese-Americans.
The Japanese attack against the United States in Pearl Harbor happened so quickly that most Americans were captured in the opening weeks of World War II. After the attack on Pearl Harbor, December 7, 1941, President Roosevelt signed the Executive Order 9066. This order authorized the evacuation of all Japanese Americans on the west coast to be placed into relocation centers. After this, over 120,000 Japanese Americans were taken out of their homes, piled into buses and cars, and forced into internment camps. With ten camps in all, they were located in California, Arizona, Colorado, Wyoming, Idaho, Utah, and Arkansas.
Life for the Japanese and Japanese-Americans living in Washington in 1941 suddenly became chaotic with the bombing of American Naval Base Pearl Harbor in Hawaii by the Empire of Japan. People turned their fear and outrage on the Japanese, both foreign born and the Japanese citizens of the United States of America. The government and many others believed that the Japanese living on the West Coast posed a risk to our nation’s security. On December 7, 1941, President Roosevelt sent out Public Proclamation No. 2525 declaring that anyone within the United States and not naturalized can be held, apprehended, restrained or removed as alien enemies .
The hospitality that was once well known had disappeared. All Japanese Americans were instantly treated as spies for their home country; Japan. After the bombing, the Japanese were captured, maintained, and fortunately released. In 1942 President Roosevelt signed a bill ordering all Japanese Americans in to concentration camps for the entire length of World War II (U.S History). This bill was known as “Establishing the War Relocation Authority in the Executive Office of the President and Defining its Functions and Duties” or more easily known as “Order 9066” (Thinkquest).