Events marking the change of the Japanese empire in to the modern empire of today include the Sino-Japanese War and its consequences, tensions and international treaties with China, and most obviously, the Pacific War with the United States. These events marked the transformation of a militaristic and expansionist empire in to a democratic nation and ally. Japanese expansionism was politically and economically motivated in the case of expanding in to Korea. Korea, under the control of China, was seen as an economic source for Japan as well as an opportunity to expand Japanese security. After two Opium Wars and the Sino-French War, China had become weak and was unable to resist western intervention and encroachment.
Correspondingly, China’s way of handling foreign relations became useless and the West seized China by surprise. Japan, on the contrary, was interested in knowing about and from the West. The Shogunate promoted learning about the West. In 1857, a school of Western School of knowledge and language was created allowing Chinese officials to make decisions based on facts instead of prejudgement. Japan was very amenable to demands of Westerners which also contributed to the success of the nation.
Japanese militarism occurred not by an organized plan but rather through passive acceptance by the Japanese public, and was arguably inevitable. An obedient Japanese public intertwined with religious justification, also combined with an independent army were two factors that pushed Japan toward militarism in the 1930 's.Once Japan commenced on the path of militarism it found that because of China’s disorganised state, still suffering from the Opium Wars, it could be easily defeated. This increased Japan 's sense of superiority and their views of nationalism. This sense of superiority grew as following the 1931 Manchurian incident, Japan invaded Manchuria then most of China, with the military acting independent of the government. After the occupation of China and Manchukuo, the League of Nations refused to support them, Japan left the League of Nations.
However, this caused economic problems in China ... ... middle of paper ... ...lity and nationalism in Japan after WWII (Craig, 141). Overall, Japan responded to the West by embracing their help and in turn it allowed them to become one of the colonizers. China on the other hand were hesitant in letting the West in, therefore their economy declined and their country as a whole was not as strong as Japan. Works Cited Cheng, Pei-kai, Michael E. Lestz, and Jonathan D. Spence. The Search for Modern China: A Documentary Collection.
In my report, I would like to tell you of the events leading up to the day of the attack on Pearl Harbor and subsequent events. In 1937, Japan invaded China and began waging a war on them. Since Japan was militaristic, the official head of the Japanese government did not have real power. Instead, the reins of power were held by military officials. Military leaders convinced Japanese people that they were under divine protection and could not be defeated.
Japanese and Chinese culture had different response towards the western modernization. The two document of “The Heritage of Japanese Civilization” written by Albert M. Craig will help us analyzed the differences and perspective from the Chinese reforming its country. The four document in “The Heritage of Chinese Civilization” which also written by Albert M. Craig will help us see a better perspective from different authors of Chinese culture changes through modernization. This will help us understands the difference between the Chinese and Japanese culture response of western modernization. The document My Individualism written by Natsume Soseki describes how Japanese society wanted individuality because the people of the country wanted to do everything to benefit for themselves rather than doing it for the country.
Their responses and actions to western imperialism would set a foundation for their future destiny in a world that was rapidly changing and moving forward, and leaving the traditional world behind. Both countries shared the fear of foreign influence, China continued to go against foreign influence and ultimately got taken over by western powers after being involved in four wars. On the other hand, Japan was more open to foreign influences and used it to their advantage. As a result, Japan had more technology, gained better understanding in political and moral ideas of western civilization. On the other hand China was against the new advances and couldn’t grow their nation as quick Japan did and was ultimately left behind.
Drawing upon the lessons of Manchurian industrialization, technocrats downplayed the anti-capitalist rhetoric of the New Order and recast their policies in more business-friendly terms. It was drawn by The Prime Japanese Minister, This was a consequence of the Manchurian crisis. General Hideki Tojo was one of the main supporters of the new order, He was an ex-commander of the Kwantung army and is now an army minster. Some countries agree with the new order because it benefited them. But others didnt like the United States who begin an embargo of aircraft and aircraft parts against Japan which means an official ban on trade or other commercial activity with a particular country.So as you see United States didnt want nothing to do japan But Japan wasn’t fi... ... middle of paper ... ...ween neighbours.
From the 1870s through them 1940s, Japan held colonies in Korea and tried taking over China was well. The idea to adopt the policy came after Japan started to learn from the West and started to industrialize. After gaining more power through reforms and industrializing, Japan started to look outwards towards other countries to influence in order to gain more power. One of these nations was the Korean peninsula, which was not as strong or advanced as Japan. Meiji Japan’s interest in Korea began with the Sino-Japanese War that occurred in 1894 and lasted through 1895.
The lesson of the League’s failure to deal effectively with the Manchurian incident was epitomized by Japan’s withdrawal from the League of Nations. At this point, the sincerity of Japan’s approval of the final report was revealed, and they prepared for new and greater conquests in China, ultimately worsening Sino-Japanese relations.