Japanese internment camps are an important part of American history. They represented and showed much of the change that happened around World War II. Although many people may say that races other than African-Americans were not that discriminated against, that was not the case. The Japanese-American People lost their homes, livelihood, and were separated from their families. More people should know about this event so as to learn from it and let something similar never to repeat it. Japanese internment camps should be an event all new American’s learn about because of its importance in World War II, the influence racism had on the camps, and for being one of the biggest violations of civil rights in American history
The 1940’s was a turning point for American citizens because World War II was taking place during this time. Not only was America at odds with other countries, but also within its self. America is a huge melting pot full of diverse cultures and people from all nations. People travel from all over the world to the United States of America. These people had one goal in mind, a life of freedom and equal opportunity; or so they thought.
When discussing the internment of Japanese Americans, it is important to understand the definition of terminology used in association with Japanese Americans and internment. The government policy of removing Japanese Americans from the West Coast has officially been called “evacuation”; this term implies that the Japanese Americans were moved for their own safety. In reality, it was involuntary, and internees that returned to the West Coast faced arrest, making the terms “exclusion” or “mass removal” more appropriate.
For over a century, the United States has been one of the most powerful and influential states on the globe. However, every nation has made mistakes in its past. Throughout our country’s history, certain groups have had to endure horrible injustices: the enslavement of African-Americans, the removal of Native Americans, and discrimination against immigrants, women, homosexuals, and every other minority. During World War II, the government crossed the line between defending the nation and violating human rights, when it chose to relocate Japanese residents to internment camps. The actions taken by the U.S. government against Japanese Americans and Japanese living in the United States were not justified.
The first aspect to the imprisonment of the Japanese-Americans was their life before coming to the camps. Japanese life was very similar to how the Americans live. They went to school, and played with friends. The life for the Japanese has never been easy. In the year of 1913, California passed a law known as the Alien Land Law which banned “aliens could not receive citizenship” from owning a property but it allowed 3 year leases. These “aliens” were a reference to the Japanese and all Asian immigrants. In 1920, the extended the law and made it so they couldn’t even lease land. 5 years later this law passed in 12 more states. In 1922, the court case Ozawa vs. U.S. had the Supreme Court reestablish that Asian immigrants were not allowed naturalization. 3 years later congress passed an act that stated “aliens were not going to be granted citizenship unless they had served in the U.S. armed forces between April 6,1917- November 1918, been honored, and were permanent residents of the U.S. In October through November of 1941, the state departmen...
because of their ancestry, but this does not mean the internment was necessarily racist. It was not
How would you feel as a child, having to be taken away to an internment camp? The Pearl Harbor bombing in 1941 was devastating. It brought pain to friends and families who lost loved ones. Not only them but the Japanese Americans who were placed in internment camps. They were considered “unfit” and dangerous to live in American communities. Due to the Pearl Harbor bombing, Executive order 9066 sent over 120,000 Japanese Americans to relocation centers, driving them through devastating afflictions just because of their Japanese ancestry.
Imagine seeing your father arrested when he didn’t commit a crime, being called a traitor when you fought in war or living a normal American life and suddenly be forced to live in an ill-treated, crowded internment camp where guns are constantly watching you. These unjust actions happened to Japanese Americans from around 1942-1945 during World War 2, no matter how old or young they were. When President Roosevelt issued Executive Order 9066, which announced for all people of Japanese ancestry to be removed from the Pacific coast, the rights and responsibilities of the Japanese Americans changed drastically.
Much controversy has been sparked due to the internment of the Japanese people. Many ask whether it was justified to internment them. It is a very delicate issue that has two sides, those who are against the internment of the Japanese-Americans and those who are for it. With World War II raging in the East, America was still, for the most part, very inactive in the war. When America took a stand against Japan by not shipping them supplies, Japan became very upset. Japan, being a big island that is very overpopulated with little natural resources, depended on America to provide them with an assortment of supplies including scrap metal and oil, vital items that are needed in a time of war. Japan retaliated by declaring war on America and attacking Pearl Harbor. This surprise act led to many soldiers deaths and millions of dollars of damaged army equipment, including air craft carriers and planes. As a result to Japan declaring war, the Japanese-Americans were asked to and eventually forced to do their duty to the country and report to internment camps until the war conflict was over. Many opposed this act for a couple of reasons. One reason was that people felt that it was a huge hypocrisy that the Japanese were being interned while the Italians and Germans, also our enemies, were still walking around free in America. Another reason why many were against the internment was because many of the Japanese had already been in America for some time now. The Issei, the first generation of Japanese people that immigrated from Japan, had immigrated many years ago. A whole another generation of Japanese children had already began growing up in America called the Nissei. They were automatically U.S. citizens for they were born in America and for the most part were like other American children. Anti-Internment activists also said that the Japanese were being robbed of their rights as U.S. citizens. However, there are two sides to everything.
In the early 1940’s, the United States was riddled with emotion as they had just joined the great and bloody World War II. Many Americans blamed this on the Japanese because of the bombing of Pearl Harbor, therefore, causing more racism and suspicion of the Japanese Americans living in the United States. On February 19, 1492, President Franklin Delano Roosevelt signed Executive Order 9066, authorized the internment of the Japanese within the United States. The Japanese Internment was an order that was immoral and unconstitutional, there was no need for the order other than to satiate the fear of the American people, and the Japanese Americans affected by it were emotionally, physically, and economically harmed by the effects of this tragic and racist motion of the United States Government.
In 1944, this controversial case was enlightened by the Supreme Court when Fred Korematsu, a Japanese American, was convicted of avoiding the Internment. This was impermissible by the United States, because those who were suspected of evading the internment are thought to participate in fifth-column activity. Due to the unfaithfulness demonstrated by Korematsu, the United States’ government grew suspicious. Ultimately, the Supreme Court ruled “We uphold the exclusion order as of the time it was made and when the petitioner violated it . . . because they decided that the military urgency of the situation demanded that all citizens of Japanese ancestry be segregated from the West Coast temporarily, and, finally, because Congress, reposing its confidence in this time of war in our military leaders -- as inevitably it must -- determined that they should have the power to do just this” (Document C). The Supreme Court reasoned that the decision of Executive Order 9066 was an effort to protect the United States from further damage. This permitted any Japanese person to be temporarily relocated to an internment camp, in order to secure American from their enemies. The ruling also mentioned that the military leaders obtained the right and power to intern the Japanese, conclusively deeming the act constitutional. In closing, Executive Order 9066 remained legitimate, especially
Japanese-American internment camps like all issues involving race or war, raises the question of whether or not it was legal and ethical to force Japanese-Americans to move homes and livelihoods in early WWII. It is a difficult and controversial problem. When the decision to relocate thousands of Japanese-Americans was made; the actions were considered to be constitutionally legal and seen by many as necessary.
Why shouldn’t there be internment camps? Yet why should there be internment camps?Internment camps were made to move all families with Japanese descent, due to the incident that happened at Pearl Harbor. In this essay we will be review both sides/opinions.
In, Farewell to Manzanar, a memoir, Jeanne Wakatsuki Houston details her experience at the Japanese internment camps during WWII and the lasting effect that it had on her as well as the hundreds of thousands of other Japanese-Americans that were imprisoned at the camps. Throughout history there has been examples of times when evil acts have been justified because it took place during a time of mass terror and hysteria. During WWII, this became especially true, with so many countries attacking one another, races and groups began to blame each other for their problems. It becomes a question of just how far will a nation go in times of panic and unknown. After the bombing of Pearl Harbor on December 7, 1941, President Roosevelt established the Executive Order 9066, which called for the internment of all people of Japanese descent. Would such an act be so widely supported today? There was never any remorse shown for the victims of the internment camps, but rather just a small apology was given to them after the fact. People, in times of severe hysteria and suffering, turn to a scapegoat to blame everything on, for this reason it is easy for evil acts to occur, and also be supported by the masses.