Jamun: The Tropical Species Of The Tropical Fruit

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India is the country that has large species of the tropical fruit trees. Most of the cultivation is not for the commercial purposes. They provide a source of livelihood and also have cultural and social value. These underutilized fruits have been able to sustain due to their nutritional support and also rural medicinal aspects. Jamun (Syzygium cumini) is also one type of the tropical fruit. It is an underutilized fruit. It has been able to sustain due to its medicinal properties, tasty and seasonal fruit. Jamun has huge potential prospects covering the areas of processed products.
Jamun is an evergreen tropical tree. It belongs to the family Myrtaceae. The native place of Jamun is India and some part of the eastern countries.
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Malabar plum may also refer to other species of Syzygium. This fruit is called Jamun in Hindi, Urdu and Punjabi, Naaval Pazham in Tamil and Malayalam, Nerale Hannu in Kannada or Jam in Bengali, Jamukoli in Oriya and Jambu in Gujarat. In the Philippines, common names include duhat in the Tagalog-speaking regions It is called Dhanbu in Maldives and Dhuwet/Juwet in Javanese. Among its names in Portuguese Jambo, Jambolão, Jalão, They are called Rotra in the Malagasy language Madagascar. It is called Reyang dut or Krian dot in Malay especially in the northern part of Malay Peninsula.
Jamun tree has dense foliage and it provide shade. It is also grown for its ornamental value. The bark of the tree is hard, rough and dark grey in colour. As the height rise the colour changes to leaves are pinkish when young and the colour changes to leathery glossy dark green colour with yellow midrib as they mature. The leaves have good nutritional value and used as food for the livestock. The flowering starts from March to April. The flowers are small about 5mm in the diameter. The fruit develops in May and June and it resembles large berries in
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Suppresses ultraviolet B-induced cyclooxygenases-2 expression through inhibition of MAPKK4 and PI-3

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