The Massachusetts Colony Colonists from Britain settled in North America for various reasons. These reasons included the search of religious freedom or profiting. The British Crown granted charters to venturing proprietors or joint-stock companies. Upon arrival, English settlers encountered native populations and Spanish and French settlements. After the failed colony of Ranoke and the challenges faced in Jamestown, in 1620, another group of colonist set out to Jamestown armed with a land grant from the Virginia Company. But due to an error in navigation they landed in Massachusetts and settled in Plymouth. Since they had no authorization from the crown to settle at Plymouth, the Pilgrims established their own civil government. The Mayflower Compact …show more content…
John Winthrop and Deputy Gov. Thomas Dudley. When the Pilgrims first arrived in 1620, it was the local Wamapanoag Indians who taught them how to plant crops. The Massachusetts Colony's landscape included treed mountains, lots of hills, rocky soil and lots of rivers. Massachusetts's coast is jagged. The climate in the Massachusetts Colony included long, cold winters and mild summers. Like the other colonies in the New England region, the cooler climate made it difficult for disease to thrive, unlike in the warmer Southern Colonies. Major industries in the Massachusetts Colony included fishing, livestock, farming, lumber, and shipbuilding. Natural resources in the Massachusetts Colony included forests (timber), furs, fish, whales, and some farming. Although it was difficult to farm because of the rocky terrain, colonists still farmed for beans, corn, squash, pumpkins, wheat, and rye. Major towns in the Massachusetts Colony included Boston, Plymouth, Quincy, Lexington, and Salem. When Massachusetts absorbed the New Hampshire Colony for several decades, its major towns also included
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The characteristics that came to shape the life in New England were the rocky, barren soil, the extreme climate and the rich waters. Although there was farming in New England , colonists looked to other means of survival. They looked to the rich waters for fishing and trade. The coastline of New England was very fertile with sealife. So, fishing became a way of commerce and trade providing a steady economy to New England. Because of the rocky soil and extreme climate, the colonists were forced to plant many different crops on a small pa...
The Jamestown and Plymouth settlements were both settled in the early 1600's. Plymouth and Jamestown were located along the shoreline in Massachusetts and Virginia, respectively. Although both had different forms of government, they both had strong leadership. Jamestown was controlled by the London Company, who wanted to profit from the venture, while the Puritans who settled at Plymouth were self-governed with an early form of democracy and settled in the New World to gain religious freedom. John Smith took charge in efforts to organize Jamestown, and at Plymouth William Bradford helped things run smoothly.
One of the two first colonies established in the new world was The Chesapeake Bay colonies which included Virginia, Maryland, New Jersey, and Pennsylvania. The second was the Massachusetts Bay colonies including what now is the present-day central New England, portions of the U.S. states of Massachusetts, Maine, New Hampshire, Rhode Island, and Connecticut. The colonies are very similar but also different in their own distinct ways. The differences gave the colonies identities. A big resemblance between the colonies is that both left to create a new life out of England. Both settlements represented a new time of independence and development of religion. Mutually both groups went through a lot of suffering and pain in the accomplishment of such
The English had two main colonies in the new world, Jamestown and Plymouth. The first colony was Jamestown, established in Virginia in 1607. Jamestown was settled by Captain John Smith, and was named after King James I. Tobacco was the main export of Jamestown, and became the basis of the Jamestown economy, sending more than 50,000 lbs of the plan back to Europe by 1618 (textbook 46). Jamestown had a very rocky start, many colonists dying in the first few years of the settlement, and the settlers had many problems with natives. Shortly after the arrival of English colonists the Natives attacked them, and were finally forced back by a canon from the English. A very uneasy truce was finally settled between the natives, called the Powhatans, and the English (textbook 44-5). Economic growth and expanding their territories were the main priorities of the English in the Jamestown colonies.
A major difference in the Massachusetts Bay Colony and the Chesapeake Colony was that Massachusetts was based on religion, when in the Chesapeake they didn’t really think of religion, more of how they were doing economically. They had fertile land, and a climate that was great for farming. They had tobacco, corn, indigo and many more crops. Tobacco The demand for slave trade rose because they made plantations which needed slaves to work in order for them to make their
The colony was led by John Winthrop and was established in 1630. They were also Puritans who settled under the Massachusetts Bay Company, who dealt in trade. The colony settled in the Massachusetts Bay, with Boston becoming their largest city and capital. Unlike the Pilgrims of Plymouth they were non-separating Congregationalists for the simple fact that they believed the Church of England could be reformed. Their charter was unique because authority rested with a genral court of freeman, who were Puritan stock or property owners and later church members. They elected their governor and his assistants and later gained the power to pass their own laws and levy taxes. The freeman eventually became so large that it formed into a two-house legislature known as the House of Assistants, who were Lords, or of Royal descent, and the House of Deputies, who were Commons, or normal people not of Royal descent. Their government was a union of church and state and looked to make Puritanism the official religion with the Bible as the basis for the law. Much like the Pilgrims, they were very self-sufficient and did not have to rely on Native American help because they were able to grow many different crops of their own. This was very helpful because it ensured if one crop died, they had others they could rely on for survival. This was a very successful colony, arguably one of the most successful overall
The seventeenth century was a time of great change in colonial America. Virginia, the first colony in the Chesapeake region, was established in 1624. Plymouth, the first colony in New England, was established in 1620. These two regions developed in distinct ways, but were intertwined because of their ties to England. The Chesapeake colonies were established for economic reasons, as the Virginia Company of London looked to mass-produce cash crops in the new world. The New England colonies, however, were created to be a religious haven for those who opposed the English church. Both regions developed economic and political systems that catered to the desires of the respective populations and the geographical conditions.
In the early stages of North American colonization by the English, the colony of Jamestown, Virginia was founded in 1607 (Mailer Handout 1 (6)). Soon after the Massachusetts Bay Colony was founded in 1629 (Mailer Handout 2 (1)). These two colonies, although close in the time they were founded, have many differences in aspects of their lives and the way they were settled. The colonies have a different religious system, economic system, political system, and they have a different way of doing things; whether that be pertaining to making money, practicing religion, or electing governors. Along with the differences, there are also a sameness between these two colonies. Each colony has been derived from England and has been founded by companies
The colonies, Massachusetts and Connecticut, had many similarities, which made them live similar lives. Massachusetts and Connecticut were both Puritan, but they had different ways of following their religion. Both Massachusetts and Connecticut did not grow tobacco because they did not have a slave trade and enough suitable land to grow it. The two colonies were both democratic. So, they were both self-governing and had an elected assembly. Also, the Puritan colonies both got charters from the king of
There were vast differences between the difficulties experienced by the first settlers of Jamestown, Virginia and the Pilgrims who settled in New England in more ways than one. While the Pilgrims fled Europe because of religious persecution, the Jamestown colony was established solely as a business venture. While life was difficult for both groups of settlers upon reaching the new world, the Jamestown venture was doomed to fail from the beginning; but where the Jamestown settlers failed, the Pilgrims succeeded. The motives for traveling to America were different for each group but were instrumental in their eventual success or failure.
The severely different environments in the New England and Chesapeake area allowed for different economies to progress. The original reason for settlement of the gentry who claimed Jamestown in 1607 was due to expectations; settlers expected to find gold, riches and Native Americans who were willing to serve them and wait on them. The swampland they had settled on made it difficult to grow crops, but in 1616, tobacco had become the staple of exports in the Chesapeake region. To fuel this expanding economy, indentured servants were introduced to private plantations and in 1619, slaves began to be shipped from Africa. Rather than settle for wealth-related purposes, the Separatist Puritans wanted to separate from the Church of England, while maintaining their English culture; this led them to occupy Plymouth in 1620. The land was fertile and allowed for crop growth, which grew large economic activity in corn and cattle trade. Although land was an important factor in success, their will and desire to do hard work was the key factor and distinguished them from the gentry that settled the Chesapeake region. In 1628, the Mass Bay Company, who too were...
Jamestown and the Massachusetts Bay Colony had many similarities and differences. Many of these differences were due to their physical location and climatic conditions. The success of both colonies can be contributed to strong leadership and the characteristics of the personalities of the settlers that inhabited each settlement. Many of the early problems in both settlements can be contributed to a lack of knowledge on the parts of the settlers along with attacks from neighboring Native American tribes.
The culture of New England was one unique to New England. The northern colonies of New England were dominated by the Puritans, and settled primarily for religious reasons. The environment of New England consisted of rocky soil, dense forests, and large numbers of fish (Sarcelle, 1965). The culture that developed in New England was appropriate to such conditions.
America. In 1607, a group of merchants, known as the Virginia Company, settled at Jamestown, Virginia on the Chesapeake Bay (Divine, 72); while Puritan leader John Winthrop, stationed himself and his followers at Massachusetts Bay in 1630. (Divine, 90) Although both settlements started off relatively the same, the greater success of one over the other has caused continuous debates between many, including the descendants of these early Americans. Some might argue that the Virginia Colony was more successful than the Massachusetts Bay Colony because of the Virginia colonists’ motivation and interest in profit (Divine, 76). However, when efforts for income proved futile, this and survival became the colony's only interests. Therefore, Massachusetts proved itself to be the stronger colony and the most successful, as a result of its community development and social advancement, its economic growth, and the positive influence the government had on the Massachusetts Colony.