Jefferson came into office on March 4, 1801 and left office on March 4, 1809. His first term’s vice president was Aaron Burr, and his second term’s vice president was George Clinton. He ran with the Democratic-Republican Party and heavily opposed the Federalist Party. Prior to his election, he had already held many positions in public office; vice president and secretary of state . Because he was preceded only by John Adams and George Washington, Jefferson played a large role in the formation of the character of the American President.
Jefferson attacked Adams and the policies he put through, which was also well-hated universally by Americans. Though, in the end – after a long and contentious election process [note 1] – Jefferson became the president, and Aaron Burr his vice president. Though, he wasn’t president yet. In Adam’s last days, he foresaw the fall of the Federalists in both Congress and the Presidency; thus, Adams decided to strengthen the Supreme Court with Federalists and signed into law the Judiciary Act of 1801 right before Jefferson officially became president. Adams increased the size of the Supreme Court and appointed in place several more Judges.
If that would fail, he was even willing to make an alliance with Britain. When hearing that the United States had bought all of the Louisana Territory, Jefferson soon began to fret over whether it was unconstitutional (a loose interpretation). When Jefferson first took office, he appointed a new Treasury Secretary Gallatin, and kept most of the Federalist policies laid down by Alexander Hamilton in place. All the ideas the Democratic-Republicans were against, Thomas Jefferson kept all of them except for the excise tariff. Against war, Jefferson decided to size down the army during his administration.
The reaction against taxation was often violent and the most powerful and articulate groups in population rose against the taxation. Then in October of 1765, colonial representatives met on their own for the first time and decided to mobilize forces against their Mother country. From this point on, events reached the point of no return for the colonies. In December of 1773, the Boston Tea Party occurred as a direct response to the much-hated Tea Act. In 1774, the First Continental Congress met and formed and began to raise issues which would later stimulant local organizations to end their fidelity for England.
The real problem was that over time most people change, even the mighty states rights advocate. Throughout Thomas Jefferson’s presidency he maintained many of his Democratic-Republican philosophies, but as time went on he took a path of moderation between Federalists and Republicans that would later affect many of his presidential decisions. Thomas Jefferson despised the British government system; for that reason, he learned that the power must be spread out between the states for a successful country. When Jefferson took his turn in office, he initiated the Revolution of 1800, and tried to influence his ideas of a republican government. He maintained philosophies throughout his presidency that consisted of a government where the constitution, by only its written words, led capital hill, and that any unreasonable act placed upon the citizens of America was uncalled for.
President Jefferson’s Goals and Criticism from the Extremes Trying to unite the people as the first Democratic Republican president, after a fierce political battle, Jefferson reminded the people in his First Inaugural Address that the struggles faced with the previous election cycle was not like the French Revolution. The Federalist and the Republicans had differences of opinions, but not differences of principle. Neither wished to dissolve the union or to change the government 's republican form. He stated that “[w]e are all Republicans, we are all Federalists.” In a letter written to P.S. Dupont de Nemours less than a year after his Inaugural Address, Jefferson reiterated his belief, “If the federal party and the republican party, should each of them choose a convention to frame a constitution of government or a code of laws, there would be no radical differences in the results of the two conventions” (Banning.
Born into a wealthy Virginian family in 1743, Thomas Jefferson grew up to become president of the United States in 1800. He brought an unprecedented sense of commitment to office, believing in smaller central governments with stronger state governments. Jefferson and his Republican followers were devoted to living by the constitution as it pertained to states rights. Our country is too large to have all its affairs directed b... ... middle of paper ... ...stance with respect to the Constitution. Quite the opposite, the Jeffersonian Republicans were of two minds when it came to the Constitution; they went from living by it with states rights to forgetting about it when the Louisiana Purchase came along.
According to Jon Dorbolo “A just war must be initiated by a political authority within a political system that allows distinctions of Justice.” President Madison (1809-1817) made attempts to stop the war by exchanging the Embargo Act of (1807-1809) by President Jefferson with the Non-Intercourse act which opened up all other foreign markets except Britain and France. Due to the fact that the British and France markets where the biggest markets available this did little to nothing to improve the struggling U.S economy. After three years of failed negotiation, the pro-war voices in Congress were much stronger in America. In June 1812, swayed of the inevitability of war against Britain, P... ... middle of paper ... ... Oct. 2011. Opposing Viewpoints in Context.
They view the United State’s relationship with England as a weakness and urged the United States to get rid of the British in the western American territory. This new generation of politicians were called the War Hawks. The War Hawks constantly pressured Madison to declare war on the British and in June of 1812 Madison caved. The United States was fighting to ensure their Atlantic trade, to get the British out of US territory, and to clear out the Indians. Despite the British were winning the war The Treaty of Ghent was signed on Christmas Eve of 1814.
How The Revolution Changed Between 1789 and 1799 In 1789 the king called the estates to a meeting to form a National Assembly where all estates woul... ... middle of paper ... ...;reign of terror." The Jacobins also followed democratic principles and believed in the benefits of the middle class, peasants, and farmers and got to participate for the first time in a political event. The Convention abolished slavery. Many of these reforms were never carried out because of changes made later in the government. Many people of France wanted the "reign of terror", the Jacobin's dictatorship, and the democratic revolution to end.