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Jama At-I Islami

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The Jama’at-i Islami was one of the first and most influential parties in the Indian subcontinent, and it is still considered to be one of the most significant religious and political groups in the Muslim world. The Jama’at-i Islami is considered a fundamentalist or Islamist group that advocates for a return to Islamic orthodoxy and calls for an Islamic state. The power of the Jama’at, however, cannot be separated from the prestige and influence of its founder Saiyid Abdul Ala (Mawlana) Maududi. Since its foundation, the Jama’at’t has spread throughout South Asia, with branches in India, Bangladesh, and Pakistan. However, while the Jama’at-i Islami is famous for its influence, receiving bad media coverage in the West, until recently the…show more content…
He argues that Islam should consider itself to be not simply a political party, but the only political party, with complete objectives and that does not need to take individuals or cultural data into consideration. As the founder of the Jama’at-i Islami, the ideas and goals of Maududi the organization are inseparable. The Jama’at-i Islami focuses on orthodox ideas, advocating against the separation of Islam from politics, emphasizing the Qur’an and Sunna while fighting for a return to the shari’a and the restoration of original Islam, and enhances the distinctions between sacred and profane and between believers and infidels. Maududi and the Jama’at-i Islami hold the stance that all of mankind should embrace Islam and oppose leaders who do not rule by Islamic moral standards. The organization’s main concern is the return of original Islam in light of modern corruption, referring to itself as a “party of renaissance,” as opposed to a party of reformism. The Jama’at-i Islami was also strongly opposed to Sufism and focused on this-worldly religion. In short, Maududi and the Jama’at worked for an Islamic state and society “based on Islamic ideology, following Islamic policies, and actively striving towards an Islamic…show more content…
The Jama’at initially had very little influence in the Pakistani government, and they publically opposed the Pakistani president and officials along with the ‘ulama. The ‘ulama’s authority, however, was immediately acknowledged. In Pakistan’s first constitution in 1956, the nation was named the Islamic Republic of Pakistan, it was decided that the head of state would be Muslim, and the government agreed that laws should not be contradictory to the Qur’an. During the military regime that began in 1958, the Jama’at-i Islami was banned under martial law along with other political parties, and revived under the “Second Republic” in 1962. The Jama’at was weak in India and Bangladesh as well after partition. Only 240 members of the original Jama’at-i Islami remained in India after the partition, a crippling blow to their hope for efficiency, especially in a majority Hindu nation. Bangladesh’s first constitution declared the nation to be a secular state, and prohibited religious political parties, including the Jama’at. In 1975, Sheikh Abdullah, Chief Minister of Jammu and Kashmir banned Jama’at-i Islami schools for “spreading communal
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