The definition of a just society can be described as a society with equality and solidarity where everyone is treated the way they deserve to be treated. The government today has control over the people to avoid chaos but tries their best to best serve its people. People in society deserve to be treated fairly based off their natural rights of being human. The Declaration of Independence states that the consent of the govern is applied to serve its citizens with the best laws and regulations to keep the people in a state of contempt and delectation. Governments are supposed to protect and give the people of a nation the rights and justice they deserve with the consent of the governed.
Society and the sovereign are reciprocally obliged towards each other, and they may only be content as long as both factions are appeased. A ruler should have enough power at his disposal so that he may be able to secure the people’s properties, rights, and ensure their protection, yet his power must be limited so that he may not use it arbitrarily and against the good and will of the people. Moreover, the legitimacy and authority of a ruler should come from his ability to govern society justly and protect the people’s properties and rights. This is exemplified by John Locke’s Two Treatises on Civil Government, in which he states, “The reason why men enter into society is the preservation of their property; and the [reason] they choose and authorize a legislature is that there may be laws made [...] as guards [...] to the properties of all, to limit the power [...] of every [...] member of the society.” If the ruler is unable or... ... middle of paper ... ...is powers must be restricted so that he may not use them arbitrarily and against the good of the people. A society and the ruler share responsibilities that depend inversely upon each other, and only when the ruler and his subjects are in agreement may the state prosper.
Classical liberal ideas often form the basis for opposition to the use of government to attain social objectives. They stress instead reliance on private initiatives or the free market to determine the best outcomes. Liberals believe in the government action the allows equal opportunities and equality for all. Liberals have a more fact-based, rather than faith-based, ideology. They are not so motivated by self-serving but actually negative emotions, such as prejudice, greed and fear, and thus can see the great advantages to a society of justice for all The basic duty of the government is to protect the common good and private rights of individuals.
He argued that without the arrangement of a successful government human being’s would live in the “state of nature.” Locke and Hobbes also differ because Hobbes feels that the sovereign should be all-powerful and individuals should not rebel against the sovereign. By giving up a few of their freedoms the sovereign can maintain order with the rest of their freedoms. Locke, on the other hand, the government is for the people and if the government fails the people it/they can be overthrown and put in place new officials that will protect citizens
Intro: The Declaration of Independence shapes our ideal vision in America by letting every individual have unalienable rights, not having to live under a tyrant, and having equality. These rights are to be protected by one government that is willing to secure these rights for the people. Due to not being responsible towards the people’s happiness, this government will be overthrown and replaced with a new one in which the people will be satisfied with. Topic 1: Unalienable rights are rights each individual should have, such as life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness; these rights are declared to be natural and inherent. Nobody has the right to our services... ... middle of paper ... ...ape our ideal vision in America as to citizens being protected by a strong government.
By looking freedom of speech, democratic government is not that important to have it without these rights. People prefer democracy to avoid tyranny or suppression of others. The citizens of the United States need to protect these rights because they are fundamental to the human being to be free, have liberty. What Founding Fathers did is not enough, however, United States’ citizens has to work together for a better place, a better country, a better government.
I will also address how they manifest in the political community, namely in their application to the market, and in the social services provided by the state. I intend to illustrate that an absolute of either of these forms of liberty is counter-productive to achieving freedom for the greatest number of people; therefore a balance of positive and negative liberty must be maintained so that individual liberty does not impede upon collective equality. John Locke used the idea of the “state of nature” to illustrate that when we were absolutely free from the state we were unable to settle disputes, therefore we needed government to bring order and protect life, liberty, and property (Mintz, Close, and Croci 53). The need for such protection can be clearly seen in Somalia which without an effective government has caused its citizens to live in constant fear of violence (29). Since it has been established that some form of government is needed for societal organization, the question of how liberty is most fully recognized becomes tied to what degree governments should intervene in the lives of its citizens.
Nevertheless, the government should uphold fairness and not abuse its power unless it is necessary. Power is something that is earned; it is not something that is granted by default. The proper qualities, such as integrity, assertiveness and truth, in government or person can benefit its leadership skill set. Sometimes truth can be manipulated by the government to influence its people so that they will always have faith in their government. This should only happen if the nation is in great peril.
He wanted the government to protect individual rights and liberties. If the government did not protect them people could rebel against the government. He “believed that people were entitled to unalienable rights: life, liberty, and property.” (Khatri 2016) Locke wanted the people to be treated equally to one another. He also wanted to white males to own their own property. All Locke wanted was to have a good government and not have people rebel against the government The last philosopher is Alexis de Toqueville.
Basically liberalism is concerned with the notion of how individuals in political communities are able to maximize their freedom without violating the rights of other individuals. The liberalistic view on politics is that a legitimate government is necessary to protect the rights of individuals from being harmed by others. Liberalism also ensures that there is a higher authority which protects the freedoms and rights of individuals while also ensuring legitimacy of government. Liberalism is the founding base for much of the Western world’s government policies and constitution. Liberalism ensures tolerance and promotes acceptance between humans and their differences.